This revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of 2.19 million Swiss francs to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) to deliver assistance to some 1.2 million people over 9 months (until June 2018), to contribute to the reduction in mortality and morbidity due to the plague outbreak in 10 priority regions (reduced from 22) through effective prevention, response and capacity building activities. The focus of the appeal is on Health promotion and Community Engagement and Accountability (CEA) for behavior change, Community-Based Surveillance (CBS), Clinical Case Management through running the Plague Treatment Unit (PTU) and vector control, sanitation and hygiene support. Capacity building activities and trainings are also to be carried in the areas of Psychosocial Support (PSS) and Safe and Dignified Burials (SDB). Details are available in the Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA)
The disaster and the Red Cross Red Crescent response to date
August 2017: First death is recorded of a patient infected with plague in Madagascar.
September 2017: Malagasy Red Cross (MRCS) is responding with initial actions in sensitization, identification of suspected cases and training in affected communities.
03 October 2017: Plague cases are quickly escalating. A total of 20 districts across Madagascar report cases with cumulative number of 194 with 50 deaths recorded. By 12 October, a total of 31 districts report cases of the plague, with 684 cases and 57 deaths recorded. 474 of these cases are pneumonic transmission.
06 October 2017: 1,000,000 Swiss francs is allocated from IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF).
09October 2017: Field Assessment and Coordination Team (FACT) arrives in country.
16 October 2017: IFRC launches an Emergency Appeal for 5.5 million Swiss francs and a surge team is deployed: Head of Emergency Operations, Regional Disaster Response Teams (RDRT), FACT and IFRC-led Emergency Response Unit (ERU).
04 December 2017: The Revised Emergency Appeal is launched with a reduced budget and shortened timeframe to be adjusted to the epidemic situation and changing needs.