The International Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross and Red Crescent emergency response. The DREF is a vital part of the International Federation's disaster response system and increases the ability of National Societies to respond to disasters.
Period covered by this update: March to June 2010
Summary: CHF 280,171 (USD 264,562 or EUR195,787) was allocated from the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC)'s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 25 March 2010 to support the Madagascar Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance to some 5,000 beneficiaries, or to replenish disaster preparedness stocks.
On March 10, 2010, cyclone Hubert hit the East Coast of Madagascar. The moderate cyclone was accompanied by heavy rainfall, which caused flooding in the seven districts namely Nosy Varika, Mananjary, Manakara, Vohipeno, Farafangana, Vangaindrano (south east) and Ambatondrazaka (middle east). According to the office in charge of coordination of disaster management activities, the Ministry of Interior (BNGRC), 192,000 persons were affected, 85 deaths reported as well as 132 people wounded and 35 missing.The road networks have been badly damaged, leading to limited accesses to some of the affected areas.
The East Coast region was also affected by a Chikungunya outbreak (vector-borne disease, with fever, arthralgia, and headache). The MRCS is implementing an emergency response operation to the epidemic (please see DREF Operation MDRMG005).
The National Society mobilized and deployed two regional disaster response team (RDRT) members to assist the volunteers in carrying out needs and damage assessments in the affected areas. Following rapid and in-depth assessments in the affected seven districts, MRCS volunteers identified 5,000 families in need of cooking sets and 5,000 families in need of water and sanitation (WatSan) facilities including the distribution of potable water, wells treatment, distribution of kit WatSan and hygiene promotion.
The Movement's Plateforme d'Intervention Regional Ocean Indien (PIROI) disaster management also supported MRCS during the first week in Manakara, as well as supporting and coaching the RDRT. The MRCS local branches have memorandum of understanding (MoU) with other stakeholder on disaster response operations including cooperation in food distribution and food-for-work projects. For this operation, the local authorities provided some food items, whilst UNICEF is working in WatSan field in coordination with the Ministry of Water. CARE is acting in distribution of plastic sheeting and BNGRC distributed mosquito net. The National Society is represented at the coordination meetings conducted at national and local levels.
This operation is expected to be implemented in four months, and completed by 10 July Month. In line with Federation reporting standards, the Final Report (narrative and financial) is due 90 days after the end of the operation (by 31 October, 2010).
The major donors of the DREF are the Irish, Italian, Netherlands and Norwegian governments and ECHO. Details of all donors can be found on: