Madagascar: Cyclone Enawo Situation Report No. 5 (14 April 2017)
The UN Under-Secretary-General and Emergency Relief Coordinator (USG/ERC) and the Malagasy Permanent Representation at the UN re-launched the Flash Appeal on ENAWO on 28 March in New York, with the participation of the Malagasy Prime Minister, various Ministers and the UN Resident Coordinator for Madagascar via videoconference.
To date, the Flash Appeal, budgeted at $20.1 million, is 45 per cent funded. It will be revised at the end of April in order to cover the humanitarian needs for the next six months, based on the in-depth sectoral assessments completed and on-going.
Fifteen municipalities (out of 31) are severely affected in the two most affected districts of Antalaha and Maroantsetra.
Transport remains a huge challenge both from Toamasina Port (due to weather conditions) and within districts in the north-east.
Agriculture damages have started to affect the socioeconomic situation in the north-east: non-mature vanilla has been stolen and price of staple food is increasing.
Estimation of economic losses conducted by the CPGU (Cellule de Prevention et de Gestion des Urgences) and the World Bank is estimated at $400 million, corresponding to about 4 per cent of annual GDP. The agriculture sector has recorded $207 million in losses.
By late March the number of people affected by the impacts of Enawo stabilised at 434,000, with 58 districts out of 119 reporting damages. The international humanitarian community’s strategy prioritises a large-scale and multisectoral intervention in two districts in the north-east, with strong logistical support. Those who were displaced to temporary shelter have returned home or to their relatives. However, in the district of Maroantsetra in particular, post-Enawo weather conditions are still causing landslides, and recently the death of 8 people, as well as loss of housing and water infrastructure in the village of Ambodiaramy. Such situations has caused localised but frequent displacement.
Effective responses have been on-going in all the affected districts since the first day following Enawo, either by the Government through BNGRC and local authorities, or by humanitarian partners, or both. These responses have been reinforced by funds mobilized subsequent to the launch of Flash Appeal.