Madagascar: Cyclone Enawo Situation Report No. 3 (17 March 2017)
• The Government of Madagascar declared a national situation of emergency on 14 March 2017 due to the impact of Cyclone Enawo.
• Led by national authorities, including the BNGRC, national line ministries and their district counterparts, humanitarian partners have initiated response activities targeting vulnerable people and families in the areas most affected by the cyclone.
• To date, at least 34,377 people affected by the cyclone have received WASH assistance, and 31,025 people have received food assistance.
• Many of people displaced by the cyclone have returned to their homes, dropping the number of displaced considerably, to 6,334 people.
• The humanitarian community is preparing a Flash Appeal to support the response to Cyclone Enawo, targeting the districts most severely affected by wind and/or rain-related damage (flooding). The IFRC launched an Emergency Appeal for 5,000 cycloneaffected households on 12 March 2017.
On 14 March 2017, the Government of Madagascar declared a national situation of emergency in the wake of Cyclone Enawo, which made landfall in north-eastern Madagascar’s Sava region on 7 March as a Category 4 cyclone and then moved southward in an arc across central and south-eastern parts of the country before exiting the country on the morning of 10 March as a tropical depression. While the cyclone caused less damage than initially feared, its impact in terms of wind- and/or flooding-related damages has been sufficient to give rise to extensive humanitarian needs concentrated in the north-east, with some specific pockets of humanitarian needs in the east and south-east.
As at 16 March, the National Office for the Management of Risks and Crises (BNGRC) reported 433,612 people to have been affected by the cyclone, including 6,334 remaining displaced in the temporary evacuation sites. The number of deaths associated with the impact of the storm has risen to 81 with 18 people who remain missing and 253 injured. These figures are based on information received to date and may continue to change as more information is received by the BNGRC from remote areas.
The increase in the number of cyclone-related deaths since Situation Report No. 2 is primarily due to landslides in Brickaville and Vatomandry that caused the collapse of family homes, killing 10 and 16 people respectively, as well as the identification of individuals previously reported missing.
In cooperation with and under the leadership of national authorities, including the BNGRC, national line ministries and their district counterparts, humanitarian partners in Madagascar have initiated response activities targeting vulnerable people and families in the areas most affected by the cyclone. A number of initial inter-agency assessments have been carried out since 9 March with the return of favourable weather conditions. These have largely been completed, although there are still some remote areas with limited access due to damaged roads and/or bridges.
Based on the results of the initial assessments undertaken by government and humanitarian partners in the cyclone-affected areas, as well as data collected through the BNGRC’s in-country network, the humanitarian community is currently finalizing its strategic planning for the cyclone response. This will be launched as a Flash Appeal in the coming days.
Among the damages confirmed by the initial and ongoing assessments are loss of subsistence crops and household food supplies due to flooding, with food prices in local markets increasing. Moreover, food availability could be a challenge in some remote areas cut off by damaged roads; meanwhile, households are estimated to have two to three weeks of food stocks remaining.
The cyclone’s high winds and resulting flood waters inundated and contaminated wells and damaged water systems throughout the affected area, with more than 1,300 wells flooded / water polluted and more than 250 water infrastructure (wells, hand pumps, water systems) damaged. Access to health has also been jeopardized with the Ministry of Health and WHO reporting at least 104 basic health facilities have been damaged, of which 16 were completely destroyed.
According to the Ministry of Education, more than 1,800 classrooms have been completely destroyed and 1,500 partially destroyed, leaving more than 80,000 children without school facilities. In total, 57 per cent of all classrooms in the Sava region have been destroyed, and 80 per cent of children affected in this way are in the Sava region.
The possibility of flooding in Antananarivo, meanwhile, generated significant population displacement as people moved to temporary evacuation centres as a preventive measure. As the rains stopped before a major flood occurred, the displaced have now, by and large, returned to their homes.
The Flash Appeal will identify existing in-country response capacities, including stocks deployed to support the response, as well as the gap in resources needed to support urgent humanitarian priorities in the areas of: Water,
Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH); Shelter; Health; Food Security and Livelihoods; Education; Protection; and Early Recovery, as well as Logistics and Emergency Telecommunications to support the response. Where feasible and to reduce the cost of interventions, speed up response and support local markets, cash-based response will be used.
The emerging response strategy envisages a large-scale multi-sectoral response in the north-eastern districts of Antalaha (Sava Region) and Maroantsetra (Analanjirofo Region), where the cyclone’s impact and resulting humanitarian needs are greatest, and more targeted multi-sectoral response in specific pockets of central and south-eastern Madagascar where humanitarian needs have been identified, including in the districts of Fenerive Est (Analanjirofo Region), Toamasina II and Brickaville (Atsinanana Region) and in Farafangana and Vangaindrano (Atsimo Atsinanana Region).
However, the BNGRC and humanitarian partners have agreed that humanitarian needs related to the – largely preventive – evacuation of vulnerable households in the capital, Antananarivo, have been met within existing, incountry capacities.