IOM Madagascar Appeal - Enawo Tropical Cyclone, 23 March 2017

Originally published



Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo, the first of the cyclonic season – and the strongest of the last 13 years, made landfall on the Northeastern coast of Madagascar on the morning of March 7 2017, and crossed the island to its southern end, causing havoc across the country. Enawo, struck north of the city of Antalaha (SAVA Region), with torrential rains and with average winds speed of 203km/h and gusts of up to 300km/h. On March 8, Enawo weakened to a “moderate” tropical storm, passing in the vicinity of the capital city Antananarivo, and exited the country on March 10. On March 14 the Government of Madagascar declared a national emergency requesting international assistance.

Although the cyclone caused less damage than initially expected, its impact has resulted in humanitarian needs concentrated in the north-east, east and south-east of the country. As of March 17, the national Disaster Risk Management Authority (Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et des Catastrophes - BNGRC) reported 433,985 persons directly affected by Cyclone Enawo, a total of 247,219 persons having been displaced, 40,520 houses destroyed, 253 injured, 81 fatalities, and 18 persons missing.

The SAVA and Analanjirofo Regions concentrate amongst themselves 96% (SAVA: 91%, Analanjirofo: 5%) of the reported houses destroyed, and while displaced persons in those regions have mostly left the displacement sites, and have started to rebuild their houses, the majority of affected households do not have the means to conduct and sustain the emergency shelter repairs needed.

As of March 17, there were still several thousands of people who remained displaced (5,293). While the caseload of displaced (which peaked on March 14 at 79,586 persons displaced in some 220+ mostly communal sites) significantly dropped in the last days, those individuals still in a situation of displacement are unable to go back to their villages of origin as their houses have been totally destroyed or still affected by the flooding, these persons had to leave their areas of origin with very few belongings and now find themselves with very limited capacity to cope of the means to recover by their own means.

This appeal highlights emergency humanitarian assistance that IOM, as member of the Shelter Cluster, and its partners propose to deliver in response to the cyclone.