Emergency Transboundary Outbreak Pest (ETOP) Situation Report for August with a Forecast till Mid-October, 2014
The Desert Locust (SGR1) situation remained calm in winter, spring and summer breeding areas in the western outbreak region in August and only low density adults were reported in Mauritania, Niger and Chad, and a similar situation is highly likely in northern Mali where the ongoing security situation continuous undermining survey operations. No locusts were reported in Algeria, Libya, Morocco or Tunisia during this month.
In the central outbreak areas, hatching was reported in northeastern Ethiopia where a few mature copulating small swarms and 1st and 2nd instar hoppers were detected and controlled during August. Survey and control operations are in progress in Ethiopia. In Sudan, scattered low density solitary mature adults were detected in the summer breeding areas in Northern, River Nile, Khartoum, Kassla and Kordofan States. Breeding adults and 3rd instar hoppers were also reported in Wadi Half in northern Sudan, but control operations were not warranted during this period. No locusts were reported in Oman in August and adult groups and immature swarms were reported in northern Red Sea coast in Yemen, but could not be confirmed due to the absence of surveys.
The SGR situation remained calm in the eastern outbreak region and only a few scattered adults were reported along the Indo-Pakistan borders (DPPQS/India,
Forecast: Breeding will likely continue in northeastern/northern Ethiopia. Limited breeding is also likely in Sudan, and Sahel West Africa where good to heavy rains fell recently. Small-scale breeding is likely along the Indo-Pakistan borders and slightly increase locust numbers during the forecast period, but significant developments are not likely.