ACT appeal Madagascar: Assistance to victims of Cyclone Kesiny - AFMG-21

Originally published


Appeal Target: US$ 304,618
Geneva, 29 May 2002

Dear Colleagues,

Almost on a yearly basis the island of Madagascar faces tropical cyclones that devastate parts of the country. Despite the repeated nature of cyclone disasters, the government of Madagascar has not developed ways to reduce the impact of these cyclones and casualties and infrastructure damage are almost always high. This year on 9 May tropical cyclone Kesiny landed 80 km north of Vohemar, on the northern tip of Madagascar, affecting the areas situated between Diego Suarez, Vohemar and Ambilobe in the province of Antsirana. The cyclone brought about heavy rains with winds of 110 km/h and gusts up to 180 km/h which caused flooding in the northern, western and eastern regions of the country. ACT member the Church of Jesus Christ (FJKM) reports that 20 people were confirmed dead and 180 injured while the infrastructure damage ran into million of dollars.

FJKM proposes to respond to this emergency through the provision of;

- Relief Food
- Rice and Lentil seed to affected rural farmers
- Soap and clothing
- House rehabilitation kits
- Basic Medicines
- Capacity Building for local communities
- Rehabilitation of water wells

SAF/FKJM has successfully implemented such programmes before - the last one being under the AFMG 01 appeal following two successive cyclones, Eline and Gloria that hit the island in February 2000 and was responsible for over 130 deaths.

Project Completion Date: 30 November 2002

Summary of Appeal Targets, Pledges/Contributions Received and Balance Requested (US$)

Total Appeal Target(s)
Less: Pledges/Contr. Recd.
Balance Requested from ACT Network

Please kindly send your contributions to the following ACT bank account:

Account Number - 240-432629.60A (USD)
Account Name: ACT - Action by Churches Together
PO Box 2600
1211 Geneva 2

Please also inform the Finance Officer Jessie Kgoroeadira (direct tel. +4122/791.60.38, e-mail address of all pledges/contributions and transfers, including funds sent direct to the implementers, now that the Pledge Form is no longer attached to the Appeal.

We would appreciate being informed of any intent to submit applications for EU, USAID and/or other back donor funding and the subsequent results. We thank you in advance for your kind cooperation.

ACT Web Site address:

Ms. Geneviève Jacques
WCC/Cluster on Relations
Thor-Arne Prois
Director, ACT
Robert Granke
LWF/World Service

ACT is a worldwide network of churches and related agencies meeting human need through coordinated emergency response.
The ACT Coordinating Office is based with the World Council of Churches (WCC) and the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) in Switzerland.


  • Department for Development (SAF) of The Church of Jesus Christ (FJKM)

The FJKM's roots are with the Quakers, London Mission Society and the French Protestant Mission. In 1968 the three groups came together and formed the Church of Jesus Christ of Madagascar. In 1974 the FJKM formed SAF - its relief and development arm to address needs in Madagascar. The SAF has a Board of Directors of 15 persons and a 5 person Management Committee that governs its current operations. Currently the FJKM via the SAF (167 staff) is working with 812 peasant organisations in the areas of health, water supply, environmental issues, women's development and rural livelihood activities. Periodic evaluations have led the SAF to adopt its current Participatory Rural Assessment approach in its community based community development strategy. The SAF-FJKM resource base is spread among several European donors, the PC USA as well as local support.



On 9 May Cyclone KESINY with winds of 180 km per hour hit the north of the country between Antsiranana (Diégo-Suarez) and Vohémar, about 600 kilometers north of the capital Antananarivo, striking the east-north- east coast near Antsiranana, Vohémar, Sambava and Antalaha, exiting Madagascar to the south of Nosy-Be's Island on the west coast. The cyclone brought about a mass of clouds which entirely covered Madagascar for six days. The heavy rains caused flooding in the northern, western and eastern regions of the country.

The CNS (Comité National de Secours) reports that 43 of 110 districts were affected ; particularly hard hit were the areas in and around:

- In the north : Antsiranana, Vohémar, Sambava, Andapa, Ambilobe, Ambanja, Antalaha, Nosy-Be

- In the west : Antsohihy, Bealanana, Port-Bergé, Mampikony, Mahanjanga, Marovoay

- In the east : Ambatondrazaka, Maroantsetra, Mananara-Nord, Fénérive-Est, Toamasina I and II, Brickaville, Vatomandry

Current Information

The CNS with some members of the Government, UNDP, donor representatives carried out preliminary assessments by plane in the affected regions.

According to the CNS and confirmed by the teams of FJKM and SAF / FJKM in place, the estimated damages are as follows :

- In many of the towns on the north, north-east and north-west areas 80% of the water supplies have been badly damaged or destroyed. This raises serious concerns of possibility of a dramatic increase in cholera outbreaks among those displaced. In the year 2000 there were 22,000 confirmed cases and 1,300 deaths attributed to cholera in these regions.

- Currently, health services are functioning at 75% of capacity due to damage to hospitals, clinics and transportation infrastructure. The CNS reports an increase in malaria, diarrhoea, dysentery and cholera.

- The CNS reports that between 50% to 75% of the current rice crop has been lost in the affected regions

- About 40 bridges in the eastern region were carried away by the floods and many towns isolated: Fénérive-Est, Toamasina, Brickaville and Vatomandry

- most of the rice fields and the fields in these regions are under water : Andapa, Antsohihy, Bealanana, Ambatondrazaka, and Marovoay (the first and the second rice granary storage regions in Madagascar)

- Many roads have been damaged

Impact on human lives

The CNS reported :

- 20 confirmed deaths,

- 180 disappeared,

- 1,200 injured and in need of first aid

- 520,000 have been affected,

- 5,000 homeless

- 15,000 needed immediate assistance (foods, shelter, potable water )

- 50-75 % of rice, bean and maize crops lost

Description of Damages

Damage to Crops

Normally, in May and middle of June, people are preparing to harvest rice, beans and maize. However, the floods have destroyed vast areas of cropland

- in the north (Andapa, Sambava,...), about 60 % of the rice fields were destroyed

- in the north-western (Antsohihy, Bealanana,...), about 75 % of the fields of beans and maize were destroyed ,

- in the west (Marovoay and surrondings), about 80 % of the rice fields were badly destroyed (under water),

- in the north of the Province of Antananarivo (Ambatondrazaka), about 80 % of the rice fields were badly damaged

- in the east (Maroantsetra, Fénérive-Est, Toamasina, Vatomandry), about 60 % of the rice fields were destroyed

Locations for Proposed Response

- SAVA Region, districts of Sambava, Andava, Vohemar, and Antalaha,

- North Western Region, districts of Bealanana, and Antsohihy,

- West Region, district of Marovoay

- East Region, district of Ambatondrazaka, Maroantsetra, Fénérive-Est and Toamasina I and II.

Current Security Situation

During the last three months, the security situation was dubious due to the political situation in Madagascar. The opposing political party of the current Government of Marc Ravalomanana (the President elected on 16 December 2001) erected a blockage and dynamited many bridges around the Province of Antananarivo. Now, the situation is improving after the Agreement of Dakar between the President and the previous President Didier Ratsiraka.

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