WFP Libya Country Brief, September 2018

Situation Report
Originally published


In Numbers

175,000 people in need targeted for food assistance in 2018
88,041 people assisted so far this year
US$7.0 m six months (October 2018 – March 2019) net funding requirements
13,423 people assisted in September 2018

Operational Updates

• Since 26 August, renewed fighting in Tripoli amongst various warring factions has led to a new wave of displacement. While the exact impact of the crisis is still being assessed through an interagency effort led by REACH, the latest report by IOM established that as of 21 September, the conflict in Tripoli has led to the internal displacement of at least 5,065 families, or approximately 25,325 individuals.

• Due to the crisis, the living conditions of migrants in detention centers has also further deteriorated, compounded by a serious food shortage. Responding to emergency requests in Tripoli, and in coordination with the Inter-Sectorial Committee (ISC), in early September, WFP handed over food to UNHCR to feed 2,900 migrants in three Tripoli detention centers for one week. WFP continues to coordinate closely with the ISC for food assistance needed due to the emerging militia fighting in Tripoli.

• WFP activated the Logistics Sector for the Libya Humanitarian Country Team. Main activities of the sector will include strengthening the collaboration between UN agencies and INGOs, and establishing an information management platform that will facilitate the exchange of relevant logistics and operational updates. WFP, through the Logistics sector, will also identify main logistics gaps and bottlenecks and, based on partner needs, explore common services provisions in the areas of concern.

• On 25 September, after a successful test flight, the UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) Libya, managed by WFP, launched its first official flight between Tunisia and Libya. The flight, which serves the humanitarian and donor community, is currently flying three times a week. Flight frequency and destinations will subsequently be increased based on access needs and demand.

• In September, WFP delivered food rations to 13,423 beneficiaries in Bani Waleed, Wadi Etaba, Traghan, Ghadames and Al Qatroun through its local partners. The lower number of people reached is due to a pipeline break in food received; WFP has since received the necessary food. prices of many staple food items, such as rice and wheat flour, have increased by as much as 200 percent when compared to pre-conflict levels.

• After several attempts, a UN-brokered Ceasefire Consolidation Agreement was signed in Zawiya on 9 September. The next day, several assailants attacked the National Oil Corporation (NOC) Headquarters building in Tripoli, causing casualties. The motivation behind the attack is likely to be a response to the ceasefire agreement.

• Shelling and fighting continued throughout the month of September, with demonstrations also taking place. Reasons for demonstrations varied from residents demanding the dismissal of all armed groups from their respective areas to protesting the recent decrees approved for cutting fuel subsidy and economic reform, as well as the cause of demanding elections and the overthrow of the current government.

• Violent clashes may continue to erupt throughout the country in the lead-up to the planned December presidential elections.