UNICEF Libya Humanitarian Situation Report, July - September 2017
As a result of the partnership between UNICEF, Zintan Municipality, and a local NGO, 125 children associated with armed conflict in Zintan were released.
The city of Sabratha has witnessed clashes between different armed groups since 17 September 2017 resulting in numerous civilian casualties including women and children. 3,100 households (15,135 individuals) have been displaced from Sabrata to Surman, Janoub Azzawia, South Sabrata, AlAjaylat and Al-Jameel and approximately 4,000 migrants, asylum-seekers and refugees were gathered in one location.
A total of 40,000 people benefited from UNICEF-supported interventions which led to improved sanitation facilities in remote and marginalized communities in Sabha and Tripoli.
Rehabilitation works in 6 schools in conflict affected Benghazi were completed ahead of the commencement of the school year 2017-2018 which will benefit 6,000 school-aged children.
9,077 school-age boys and girls accessed non-formal education and recreational activities in Benghazi, Sirte, Sabha, and Ubari.
Cash liquidity remains among the main challenges for the implementation of programmes across Libya. This constraint has affected and in some cases delayed the implementation of programmes by national partners.
UNICEF’s humanitarian appeal has a funding gap of US$6.7 million.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
Libya remains trapped in a protracted economic crisis, insecurity, and political deadlock leading to an increase in vulnerabilities and in the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance. As estimated by the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) Libya (2017), 1.33 million people, including some 439,000 children, are in immediate need of humanitarian aid and protection and 241,000 children require quality education. Libya is hosting an estimated 400,445 vulnerable migrants and around 32,035 (8 per cent) of these are minors (11,853 (37 percent) of whom are unaccompanied and separated children)1. Throughout their whole journey, the children on the move are denied access to basic services (education, health and protection…) while detained children suffer from horrific conditions inside detention centres.
On July 5, 2017 and after years of fighting, Benghazi city was declared free from armed groups however significant assistance, protection measures and psychosocial support are needed. The military “Operations Room of Dignity” has been besieging Derna for months causing severe shortages in life-saving and humanitarian supplies. As a result, children and their families continue facing challenges to access quality basic social services including water and sanitation, health and education.
By the end of 2016 and after many months of fighting, Sirte city was declared free from ISIL’s control. Still, significant assistance and protection services are needed. The delivery of humanitarian aid and the support to provide basic services have been a priority for the UN in Sirte. The scale of the infrastructure damage in Sirte is yet to be evaluated. According to the Regional Education Office Director at Sirte governorate, 44 schools need minor rehabilitation and 80 schools need major rehabilitation as of August 2016. Based on discussions with Sirte and Misrata Crisis Committee, out of 79,000 affected people, 39,700 people are in urgent need of basic hygiene items and 24,150 people are in need of safe water supply.