- The present report, submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2376 (2017), covers political and security developments in Libya, provides an overview of the human rights and humanitarian situation in the country and outlines the activities of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) since the issuance of my previous report on 12 February 2018 (S/2018/140).
II. Political and security-related developments
- My Special Representative for Libya, Ghassan Salamé, continued his efforts under the United Nations action plan to support an inclusive political process to conclude the country’s prolonged transition. Consultations continued between representatives of the House of Representatives and the High Council of State on forming a new executive authority to reach an agreement on limited amendments to the Libyan Political Agreement. In parallel, a series of meetings were held throughout the country to build momentum towards the national conference by encouraging dialogue and broad participation in the political process. The process is aimed at responding to the interest of Libyans in taking part in the political process and at providing a basis for solid participation in future electoral processes and acceptance of election results. Progress towards holding national parliamentary and presidential elections was made through the conclusion of the voter registration update, within Libya and abroad.
- To support the political process, the United Nations continued to work with various communities to peacefully resolve the roots of their grievances through local reconciliation. These initiatives contributed to renewing contacts and reaching reconciliation agreements in southern and western Libya. Significantly, representatives of Misratah and Zintan progressed towards reconciliation, agreeing at the end of March on the need for a comprehensive national reconciliation and the peaceful transfer of power in Libya. They committed to working towards the unification of military and security institutions. With preparations proceeding for holding municipal elections during the course of 2018, mayors and heads of local councils representing all parts of the country convened for the second time since the start of the year. They urged the leadership of the House of Representatives and of the High Council of State to agree on establishing a new Government.