Libya + 4 more

Open Letter: Slavery and trafficking of refugees and other black migrants in Libya and other North African countries

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CONCERNS: Slavery and trafficking of refugees and other black migrants in Libya and other North African countries - Take administrative, political and legal measures putting an end to this slavery and trafficking, and to help surviving victims.

For the :

European Parliament

Mr Antonio TAJANI, President

Wiertz Street 60 1049 Brussels Belgium

Tel: +32 2 284 21 11 Fax: +32 2 284 69 74

European Council

Donald Tusk, President

Rue de la Loi / Wetstraat 175 B-1048 Brussels / Brussel Belgium / België

Tel: +32 2 281 61 11 Fax: +32 2 281 69 34

Council of the European Union

Presidency of Estonia Mr Juri Ratas,

Prime Minister of Estonia

Secretariat of the President of the Council

Rue de la Loi / Wetstraat 175 B-1048 Brussels / Brussel Belgium / België

Tel: +32 22816111 Fax: +32 22816934

European Commission

Mr. Jean-Claude Juncker

President Rue de la Loi / Wetstraat 170 B-1049 Brussels / Brussel Belgium / België

Tel: +32 2 299 11 11

Mrs. Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the Union for Business foreign and security policy

Vice-President of the Commission European Commission

Rue de la Loi / Wetstraat 200 1049 Brussels belgium

Copy to Heads of State and Government of the European Union

Ladies and Gentlemen

1.The Committee of Observers of Human Rights France (CODHO France) is a French association created since 2005, whose main purpose is the promotion and protection of human rights and provide assistance to victims. We want to challenge you here about your respective responsibilities in relation to the current acts of serious cruelty in Libya, the countries of North Africa and Chad.

2.The current acts of horror suffered by refugees and other migrants in Libya should challenge the European Union and its representatives, as well as the authorities of the 28 member states. CODHO constant that beyond a fatal policy obsessed with the desire to push back refugees and other migrants and beyond the European borders, even to obstruct rescue operations in the Mediterranean Sea, the European Union and the authorities of certain EU Member States and agencies or organizations operating with the support or under the label of the European Union would maintain a criminal network against black African migrants and refugees in Libya, other North Africa, as well as on their coasts and in Chad.

3.In Libya in particular, but also in the other countries of North Africa, and in Chad, it is well known that the system of detention of asylum seekers on European soil is abject. These black African migrants and refugees are a thriving enterprise of killings, kidnapping, rape, torture and extortion. By knowingly choosing to contain at all costs refugees and other black African migrants in Libya, the European Union, the authorities of certain EU Member States and agencies or organizations operating the sea and receiving support or acting under the EU label directly or indirectly endorse these serious crimes committed against blacks in Libya, other countries of North Africa and Chad.

4.CODHO notes that it is not conceivable, however, that African black migrants and refugees can be sent back to Libya or to another country in North Africa and Chad, as it is intolerable for them to be forced to to stay there.

5.In addition, the Agreement of 18 March 2016 between Turkey and the European Union, the aim of which is to reduce irregular migration to Europe, is at the root of horrendous acts both in the country of departure and in Greece in particular only in the country of arrival in Turkey. We can not believe that the European Union, whose several Member States are developing coherent and humane migration policies, can conclude with the creation of what we can now call new "concentration camps" on the European territory or in Turkey against refugees and other migrants.

6.CODHO can not remain insensitive to the acts of cruelty committed against refugees and other black African migrants in Libya, other countries of North Africa and Chad. The same is true of acts of horror committed against refugees and other migrants from Asia to Europe, for the most part in Greece and Turkey.

7.In view of the above, CODHO urges the European Union authorities to:

a -urgently to take the necessary administrative, political and legal measures in order to put an end to the current planned and programmed human tragedy of the century against refugees and other migrants, especially black Africans to Europe, and to come urgently to help the surviving victims; on the Mediterranean Sea, in Africa and on the European territory;

b-Urge an independent investigation into the allegations of these serious crimes against refugees and other black African migrants in Libya, other North African countries and Chad, bring to justice the alleged perpetrators, and compensate the surviving victims .

c-Urge an independent investigation into the allegations of these serious crimes against refugees and other migrants to Europe, particularly in so-called concentration camps in all transit countries, particularly in Greece and Turkey, bring to justice the presumed guilty, and compensate the surviving victims.

8.To ensure that no Member State invokes ignorance, CODHO will take care to copy this open letter to each Head of State and Government of the 28 Member States of the European Union, through his Ambassador (drice) accredited to France in Paris, and to the President of the French Republic.

  1. Please accept, Madam and Gentlemen, the assurances of our highest consideration.

The President of CODHO France

N’Sii LUANDA S.