Context and methodology
This document highlights key findings from the migrant and refugee MultiSector Needs Assessment (MSNA) carried out in Libya in 2019. The 2019 migrant and refugee MSNA was conducted under the oversight of the Inter-Sector Coordination Group (ISCG) and in partnership with the Information Management and Assessment Working Group (IMAWG). The purpose of this MSNA was to provide an impartial and evidence-based overview and understanding of the needs of the refugee and migrant population in Libya, to further strategic planning within the 2020 Humanitarian Planning Cycle (HPC).
Findings presented in this brief are based on an analytical approach proposed by REACH for the 2019 migrant and refugee MSNA for Libya, which adapts elements of the draft Joint Inter-Analysis Framework (JIAF), including several composite indicators developed to classify respondents’ severity of needs in each sector.
The composite scores are based on the respondents’ inability to meet immediate sectoral needs (Living Standards Gaps), the use of negative coping strategies (Capacity Gap), the individual-level impact of the crisis, and any pre-existing vulnerabilities, thus giving a crisis-specific indication of the severity of needs.
Within the framework of the IMAWG and ISCG, MSNA tools and indicators were developed following consultations with the relevant 10 sectors, sub-sectors, and working groups active in Libya, and in line, to the extent possible, with the draft JIAF. In parallel, the scope of this MSNA was decided following discussions with the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT). Preliminary findings were then shared bilaterally with each sector, and a second round of analysis of MSNA data was conducted. This data was used to provide composite indicator calculations to approach living standards, impact of the crisis, and coping capacities as presented in this brief.
In Libya, this MSNA was implemented through an individual-level survey covering six Libyan baladiyas (municipalities - admin level 2) and three mantikas (districts - admin level 3), for which data was collected between July and September 2019. A total of 1,716 respondents from various countries of origin were surveyed. The assessment focused solely on adult migrants and refugees living in or travelling through urban areas. REACH, together with data collection partners (IOM-DTM,
Cesvi, IRC, IMC and UNICEF), provided support to the IMAWG by contributing to the data collection process, which covered the targeted districts with a set target per region of origin. A non-probability quota sampling strategy was used, meaning the sample is not statically representative and the results drawn from it are indicative only.