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MMC North Africa 4Mi Snapshot: The Role of Smugglers in East Africans’ Mixed Migration to Libya via Sudan – February 2020

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This snapshot examines the main mixed migration routes through Sudan towards Libya and explores whether and how respondents interacted with smugglers on their journey. This snapshot is based on 4Mi data on refugees and migrants who moved through Sudan to Libya. Out of the 5,659 4Mi surveys of refugees and migrants conducted in Libya between May 2017 and October 2019, 627 refugees and migrants were Sudanese (11%) and an additional 483 had passed through Sudan, mainly from Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia (a combined total of 1,110 respondents; 19.6% of the sample).