The violence shows no sign of abating. Libya remains a patchwork of conflict, fuelled by a plethora of armed groups with varying allegiances and diverse agendas. Thousands have been killed; hundreds of thousands more have been displaced. The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate. The ICRC and its partner, the Libyan Red Crescent Society (LRCS), are boosting their support for the most vulnerable of those caught up in the violence.
With several on-going conflicts from Benghazi in the east, to Tripoli in the west and to Sabha in the south – and much of the land in-between – the violence has varied in intensity, but the results have been the same: a breakdown in basic services, an increase in prices of basic food items, power cuts, fuel and water shortages and an overwhelming sense of uncertainty amongst the population. Access to health care has also become extremely difficult.
"We hope that the fighting will soon come to an end, but the future is unpredictable and, in the meantime, the humanitarian situation is deteriorating," says the head of the ICRC's operations in North and West Africa, Yasmine Praz Dessimoz.
Stepping up assistance
Like other international organizations, the ICRC relocated part of its staff to Tunisia and developed new methods of working in Libya itself. "We have shown that our new operating method works. Now we want to expand it and reach more people. In particular, we want to provide more medical supplies to hospitals, more food and essential household items to people in need and to help the Libyan Red Crescent strengthen its capacity," says Yasmine Praz Dessimoz.
The ICRC has had a permanent presence in Libya since 2011. It is one of the very few international organizations still present and active in the country and in a position to provide humanitarian relief. As the situation in Libya shows little sign of improving in the short term, the ICRC and LRCS will continue to support the Libyan population and will step up their efforts to meet the increasing needs.
Between November 2014 and March 2015, the ICRC carried out the following activities to help the conflict-affected population in Libya:
- Jointly with the LRCS, distributed food for some 11,300 vulnerable internally displaced people and distributed essential household items (blankets, mattresses, kitchen sets, tarpaulins, etc.) to 18,400 people across the country.
- Delivered emergency medical supplies and equipment to 10 hospitals in violence-affected areas, for the benefit of 12,250 patients. The supplies consisted of medicines, dressings, external fixation sets, splint sets, surgical instruments and materials for treating people with weapon injuries.
- Organized training courses in surgery and emergency room trauma care, in Tunis, for around 50 doctors and surgeons from all over Libya; more courses are scheduled for July 2015.
- Helped the Libyan Red Crescent Society deal with the bodies of people killed in the violence and of migrants who had drowned at sea, providing them with dead body management kits and body bags. Provided support to the forensics departments in Tripoli and Benghazi.
- Donated three trucks to the LRCS to support its operational activities.
- Provided advice to the LRCS.
- Helped to maintain links between families in Libya and their loved ones detained abroad, organizing phone calls, video conferences and the exchange of family news (through oral greetings known as "salamats" and Red Cross messages).
- Provided 509 migrants at the Karereem Centre, Misrata, with hygiene items and clothes.
- At the request of the Senegalese embassy, contributed to the successful voluntary repatriation of 401 Senegalese migrants, producing photos for their travel documents.
- Provided travel documents for an Eritrean woman and her daughter, so they could join their family in France.