Libya: Concept of Operations, 1 July 2019

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More than seven years after civil unrest erupted in Libya during the 2011 Arab Spring, the country continues to face widespread insecurity. Recurrent clashes among local armed factions controlling different parts of the country have led to extreme instability and political divisions.

According to the 2018 Libya Humanitarian Response Plan, three million people inside Libya have been impacted by the conflict and ongoing crisis, and over one million people are in need of humanitarian assistance.

In response to the deteriorating situation and following the lifting of the evacuation status for UN organisations in Libya in February, the number of humanitarian organisations in the country has surged. While the humanitarian footprint is expanding with most actors consolidating presence in Tripoli, Misratah and Benghazi, access and presence in the other areas of the country, especially in the south, is a priority and remains a challenge.

The latest incidents in and around Tripoli that have led to further displacement of population have highlighted the urgent need to establish a coordinated response and a constant flow of up-to-date and reliable information, crucial to supporting the supply chain functions of humanitarian actors. Logistics Gaps and Bottlenecks

Security and access constraints are the major operational challenges for responding organisations, especially around Tripoli and in the east and the south of the country, and are impacting the ability of organisations to deliver relief items in an effective and efficient manner.

With a scale up of logistics activities in support of the response, the volumes of relief items being brought into the country is expected to increase, putting a strain on available logistics resources and capacities.

There is a general lack of consolidated logistics information available to humanitarian responders, especially in relation to the status of bridges, roads, ports and airports, and the availability of warehousing. This lack of information is impacting upon the capacity of responding organisations to effectively plan their supply chains. Information gaps also extend to humanitarian customs procedures through different entry points and other administrative processes, which also have potential to cause significant delays in clearing processes as cargo volumes increase.

Significant price inflation, including for fuel, has impacted the market and led to severe shortages of basic resources and services.