Libya + 4 more

Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) 2015 North Africa (ECHO/-NF/BUD/2015/91000) Last update: 07/05/2015 Version 2

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The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2015/01000

AMOUNT: EUR 13 000 000

0. PURPOSE OF THE AMENDMENT

May 2015 – Modification No. 1

While the political dialogue between the Libyan parties is still to bear fruit, the deterioration of the humanitarian situation is a growing concern as those affected are progressively exhausting their coping mechanisms. Renewed fighting increases the risk for further displacements. For the time being, there are over 500 000 IDPs in Libya according to the Libyan Red Crescent Society (LRCS). Yet, this figure is difficult to ascertain considering that at least 60% of the internally displaced people are not registered.

The lack of access to health services and the unavailability of essential medicines are generally considered as the top humanitarian priorities in Libya at the moment, while the picture in other sectors is more fragmented and contrasted, with needs emerging as fighting spreads across new areas. Funds to purchase drugs, medicines and medical supplies have become scarce as budgets of health facilities are not replenished, thus drying up delivery chains and creating severe shortages at local level. Failure to support the health system would further deteriorate the situation on the ground and could possibly bring more people to seek refuge abroad.

Access to food is deteriorating as prices have doubled since the beginning of the crisis and basic staple items such as flour, oil, pasta are no longer subsidized and factories have stopped working as utility bills are not paid. The irregularity of the central bank transferring payments for salaries also affects Libyans purchasing power. Rough calculations show that the available reserves will last for approximately 18 months.

Migration from Libya also raises serious concern as more migrants will risk their lives at sea in an attempt to reach Europe this summer. The continued lack of rule of law and of control of borders certainly plays a key role in this phenomenon giving a free hand to smuggling networks to act in the region, while the capacity of local actors to deal with the issue is extremely limited.
According to UNHCR, 4, 057 people are currently detained in 8 Department for Combating Illegal Migration (DCIM) detention centres in Western Libya accessible to the organization, including 429 women and 51 children. Over 2 700 of them have been intercepted or rescued at sea by Libyan coast guards since 14 April. UNHCR is currently seeking access to other centres in central and south Libya. Living conditions in these centers are very poor and detainees are in dire need of protection assistance as well as, access to health, WASH, and other relief items

This conflict is characterized by a growing disregard for International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and very limited humanitarian access. At this point in time, international organizations work in cooperation with local partners to deliver basic assistance and services to the population. Though this increases access to the population affected, the very limited number of local partners able to operate in the country raises the question on their ability to scale up to reach higher numbers of people affected. Thus, there is a clear need to build and foster their capacities as well as to put in place mechanisms to ensure accountability in the delivery of humanitarian assistance and instill full understanding of humanitarian principles and standards among actors, in a context where remote management is the rule.

In view of the deteriorating humanitarian situation and the number of people internally displaced, the European Commission decided to increase by EUR 3 000 000 the budget of the HIP 2015 for the Libya Crisis. This additional funding will be mainly used to respond to the priority needs of the displaced population and most vulnerable groups affected by the ongoing conflict. The funding allocation will be informed by the outcomes of the UN Agencies Joint Needs Assessment that is taking place in May, and by need analysis conducted by other Partners and ECHO experts.