About DTM Libya
Funded by the European Union the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in Libya tracks and monitors population movements in order to collate, analyze and share information packages on Libya’s populations on the move.
DTM is designed to support the humanitarian community with demographic baselines needed to coordinate evidence based interventions. DTM’s Mobility Tracking package includes analytical reports, datasets, maps, interactive dashboards and websites on the numbers, demographics, locations of origin, displacement and movement patterns, and primary needs of mobile populations.
For all DTM reports, datasets, static and interactive maps and interactive dashboard please visit www.globaldtm.info.libya/
Chapter 1: Introduction and Key Findings
This report presents the findings of Round 15 of data collection, which took place between October and November 2017. Table 1 displays the number of IDPs and returnees identified across rounds from June until November. As can be seen, the number of identified returnees had been steadily on the rise across the rounds conducted in 2017 mirrored by a gradual decrease in the number of IDPs identified in the country.
Identified IDPs were primarily residing in self-paid rented housing, hosted with relatives or non-relatives and in unfurnished buildings.
Their primary reported needs across the country were access to health services, shelter and food. Price sensitivity and inflation limits IDP access to all three above-mentioned needs. Other problems cited for access to health included irregular supply of medicines and low quality of available health services due to overcrowded facilities, poorly trained medical staff or unavailability of female doctors.
The largest group of IDPs (47%) was displaced over the course of 2015, 35% were displaced between 2011-2014 and 18% were displaced between the start of 2016 to the time of data collection.
At the end of September 2017 clashes in Sabratah had resulted in the displacement of 11,350 individuals (2,350 households).
Within this reporting period, 2,056 families, 10,280 individuals returned to Sabratah due to the reopening of schools. It is reported that 50 families have been unable to return as they are in critical need of non food items, mattresses and house repairs.
Large numbers of formerly displaced persons were reported to have returned to their homes in the respective baladiyas of Sirte, Ubari, Sabratha and Abu Qurayn.
Reported returnee primary needs remained the same as the previous reporting rounds; the need focused on access to health services. The second most cited need for returnees continued to be access to education and the third access to security. In this round children were reported to be attending school regularly.
Within six baladiyas (Derna, Ubari, Al Aziziya, Janzour, Hrawa and Al Ajaylat) irregular attendance was reported due to damaged schools, safety issues and overcrowding.
Yefren, Surman, Benghazi, Zwara and Ziltun were amongst the 41 baladiyas now reporting 0 to 40% operational hospitals.
Three baladiyas, Arrajban, Bani Waleed and Tajoura continue to report regular access to medicine with 97 baladiyas reporting no regular access.
The following report will provide more details on IDP and returnee timelines of displacement and return, origins and areas of residence, shelter settings, needs, and relations with baladiya residents.
Chapter 2 will focus on IDP profiles and Chapter 3 on returnee profiles. Chapter 4 will provide a general multisectorial overview of education, health, public services, nutrition, access to livelihoods, security, and access to markets in Libya.
Chapter 5 concludes with notes on the data collected during this round, providing more details about the numbers and positions of key informants interviewed during Round 15.
The IDP-Returnee information package is accompanied by the Round 15 dataset which contains all data collected for each muhalla and baladiya on IDPs, returnees and migrants, along with multisectorial data by baladiya to facilitate more targeted or in-depth analysis by practitioners and researchers.