Libya

Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Libya IDP and Returnee Report: Mobility Tracking Round 27 (August - October 2019)

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KEY FINDINGS (ROUND 27)

IDPs

  • 343,180: Total number of IDPs in Libya
  • 97% were displaced due to the deterioration of the security situation
  • 60% of IDPs live in self-paid rented accommodation

Returnees

  • 448,388: Total number of returnees in Libya
  • Decline in returns observed due to lack of security
  • 82% of returnees live in their previous homes

Overview

This report presents the findings of Round 27 of the mobility tracking component of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) programme in Libya, covering the reporting period from August to October 2019.

In Round 27, the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) identified in Libya increased from 301,407 IDPs to 343,180 IDPs. New displacements during the reporting period were primarily due to continued conflict in Tripoli and to the outbreak of clashes in Murzuq, Southern Libya, since August 2019.

The sustained use of air strikes and artillery shelling in the vicinity of areas inhabited by civilians continues to negatively impact the safety and lives of the civilian population in Tripoli and surrounding areas. Since the start of armed conflict in South Tripoli on 04 April 2019, over 140,000 individuals have been displaced to relatively safer neighborhoods around Tripoli, the Nafusa mountains and along the coastal line in Western Libya. IDP families displaced to locations close to areas of conflict remain at risk, along with host community members providing them with shelter. For more information on displacements from Tripoli, please refer to page 6.

Following the escalation of the security situation in Murzuq at the beginning of August, over 28,000 individuals were displaced in the following weeks to other locations in Southern Libya, such as Wadi Etba, Sabha, Ubari, Tragan, Wadi Alshati and Al Gatroun, but also to more distant locations in Western and Eastern Libya. The majority of IDP families from Murzuq sought shelter with relatives and in rented accommodation and rapid assessments identified humanitarian priority needs to be food, NFIs, WASH and medical supplies. For more information on displacements from Murzuq, please refer to page 7.

Overall, the Tripoli region (mantika) currently hosts the largest number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Libya. In the context of ongoing armed conflict in and around south Tripoli since April 2019, and the protracted cases of previously displaced households, the municipalities of Tripoli collectively host almost 79,000 IDPs. In Round 27 no significant return movements were identified in Libya.

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