WFP Emergency Report No. 25 of 2002

Report
from World Food Programme
Published on 21 Jun 2002
This report includes:
(A) Eastern and Southern Africa Region: (1) Regional Overview, (2) Lesotho, (3) Malawi, (4) Mozambique, (5) Zambia, (6) Zimbabwe, (7) Madagascar, (8) Burundi, (9) Kenya

(B) West Africa Region: (1) Liberia,(2) Sierra Leone, (3) Guinea, (4) Cote d'Ivoire

(C) Central Africa Region: (1) Angola, (2) Namibia, (3) Republic of Congo, (4) Democratic Republic of Congo

(D) Central Asia Region: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Iran, (3) Pakistan

(E) Eastern Europe Region: (1) Russian Federation, (2) Georgia

(F) Latin America Region: (1) Colombia, (2) El Salvador

From Francesco Strippoli, Director of the Office of Humanitarian Affairs; available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (www.wfp.org), or by e-mail from Zlatan.Milisic@wfp.org.

For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone 39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to Trevor.Rowe@wfp.org, telephone 39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

A) Eastern and Southern Africa Region: (1) Regional Overview, (2) Lesotho, (3) Malawi, (4) Mozambique, (5) Zambia, (6) Zimbabwe, (7) Madagascar, (8) Burundi, (9) Kenya

1) Regional Overview

(a) On 19 June, WFP's Executive Director briefed donors and WFP's Executive Board in Rome on the situation in Southern Africa, incorporating information available following the Johannesburg meeting on 6-7 June. Also during this week, WFP's Regional Director for Eastern and Southern Africa, now located in Johannesburg, held meetings with donors in Pretoria.

(b) A coordination meeting was held at the WFP Management Coordination Unit in Johannesburg with NGOs working in the region. Representatives of Africare, CARE, CRS, GOAL, SCF, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, and World Vision were in attendance. It was emphasized that regular coordination and cooperation between WFP and NGO implementing partners is needed. The meeting discussed the concept that the emergency should be seen not solely as the movement of commodities, but also as an opportunity to strengthen activities in all sectors, such as HIV/AIDS education, baseline nutritional surveys, and agricultural recovery programmes.

(c) WFP Johannesburg finalized the regional Emergency Operation (EMOP) on Friday 21 June, and awaits joint approval by FAO/WFP in Rome by the middle of next week. The EMOP has a start date of 1 July with a duration of 9 months, until the next harvest in March/April 2003. It will target food insecure people in Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Lesotho, Swaziland, some 10.2 million people at the peak of the operation.

(d) The total resource requirements for this operation are close to one million tons of mixed food commodities. WFP's strategy is to target the most vulnerable districts, and focus on building distribution capacity and effectiveness while at the same time continuing to assess and monitor the situation on the ground in the six Country Offices. The operation will start by assisting roughly 6.1 million people throughout the region, and the number assisted will increase as needs increase during the lean season.

(e) WFP aims to establish a stable pipeline using a strategy calling for immediate mobilization of four month's stocks: two month's stocks for pre-positioning in affected countries, one month's stock in ports, and one month's stock on the high seas. Therefore, the operation urgently requires large quantities of food. Donor response must be rapid and sufficient to support this pre-positioning strategy.

2) Lesotho

(a) The Disaster Management Authority has started finalizing the list for targeting the most vulnerable beneficiaries in the country. Targeting started 20 June and is expected to be completed within 7-10 days. Once the targeting exercise is finalized and validated, food cards will be issued to the beneficiaries.

3) Malawi

(a) In June, WFP, in collaboration with CARE, the Salvation Army, Emmanuel International, Save the Children (UK) and GOAL will distribute a total of 1,472 tons to 30,000 families in six districts. With increasing NGO capacity by July, an additional 60,000 families will receive assistance from WFP through the NGO Consortium to reach the goal of 500,000 people per month. Letter of Understanding (LoU) agreements were signed this week with CARE, GOAL, the Salvation Army, the Malawi Red Cross Society, and Emmanuel International.

(b) A rapid assessment on the effect of the hunger crisis in 9 schools targeted under the school feeding program in Thyolo district suggests that enrolment increased with the introduction of school feeding and a report on the results will be released by next week. In Dedza, Salima and Ntcheu districts total enrolment rates increased by 15 percent and by 18 percent for girls only between November 2001 and June 2002 in the assisted schools.

(c) Field reports from parts of the Northern and Central region indicate that although households did harvest their crops, most of them have already begun to run out of food. A CARE/Save the Children survey conducted in June indicated that in four districts, malnutrition rates remained at five percent as the surveyed households in that area managed to retain some stocks from harvest.

(d) The Government-led Humanitarian Response Sub-Committee (HRSC) has developed its work-plan for the June 2002 to March 2003 period, institutionalizing the work of the Joint Emergency Food Aid Programme (JEFAP). The JEFAP is comprised of Government, Donors and UN Agencies and NGOs.

4) Mozambique

(a) In Southern Mozambique (Maputo, Gaza and Inhambane Provinces) a total of 80,650 beneficiaries are being assisted with food aid through food-for-work (FFW) activities. Twenty additional LoUs have been signed and further partners will be identified.

(b) In Central Mozambique (Manica and Sofala Provinces) a total of 33,835 beneficiaries are being assisted with food aid through FFW activities. Forty LoUs have been signed this week.

(c) In Central Mozambique (Tete Province) a total of 25,000 beneficiaries are being assisted with food aid through FFW activities. NGOs are assessing the most food insecure communities and will start additional implementation upon signature of LoUs. In some districts there will be general food distributions due to lack of implementing partners and poor access.

5) Zambia

(a) According to the joint WFP/FAO crop and food supply assessment for Zambia, prolonged dry spells and erratic rainfall in the 2001/02 growing season significantly reduced crop production in 5 of the 9 provinces of the country. Some 2.3 million people have been negatively impacted. Cereal import requirements stand at 606,000 tons, of which 174,383 tons will need to come through international relief channels. Out of the total of 72 districts in the country, 43 will require a share of the relief food.

6) Zimbabwe

(a) A group of donors made a field trip to Matabeleland South Province on 19 June. The donors included USA, UK, EU, and South Africa. During the field trip, the delegation observed a WFP food distribution implemented by World Vision in Matobo District and toured a school and a Grain Marketing Board (GMB) warehouse. The donors held informal discussions with WFP on the food distribution process, the logistics of bringing food to Zimbabwe, and other issues arising from what they had observed at the distribution site. The shortfall for the ongoing EMOP stands at 49 percent, or some 57,000 tons.

7) Madagascar

(a) WFP has begun to distribute emergency food aid to urban centers in Madagascar, to help feed some 35,000 malnourished children affected by the current politico-economic crisis. Over the coming months, WFP will provide 350 tons of CSB, to feed 18,000 children in Antananarivo, as well as 17,000 children in five other major cities across the country. WFP's partners include the World Bank, CARE, SEECALINE, and Catholic Relief Services (CRS).

(b) In some areas, malnutrition levels among children under five have risen up to 45 percent as a result of the crisis following the presidential elections held in mid December 2001. The blockade of Antananarivo, together with the destruction of supply routes and key infrastructure, has crippled the country's economy. Food supplies are scarce and prices of essential commodities have shot up. The cost of rice has increased by 375 percent, pushing it beyond the reach of many families. Further aggravating the precarious situation is the critical lack of fuel in the country, preventing the commercial flow of food items between provinces, and making it impossible for farmers to transport their products to existing markets.

(c) Cyclone Kesiny passed over northern Madagascar in mid-April, causing extensive damage and flooding to the island's main commercial port, Tamatave, as well as to other infrastructure in the area. WFP, in partnership with the non-governmental organization CARE, has launched a programme whereby food aid is provided in return for work to assist victims of the cyclone. Through these food-for-work projects, cyclone-damaged infrastructure will be rehabilitated, such as the main national road and the railway track ? both critical for the transport of food and other commodities.

(d) Both urban and food-for-work projects represent an extension of WFP's regular activities in Madagascar. WFP, in partnership with SEECALINE, is also feeding 162,000 children in rural areas where malnutrition reaches levels above 43 percent. Last year, the agency provided food aid assistance to 500,000 people in Madagascar.

8) Burundi

(a) Results from rapid assessments and monthly food security monitoring missions conducted in all the 17 provinces by the HFEA teams indicate that 634,643 persons representing 9 percent of the total population in Burundi will need emergency food aid during the period between June to December 2002. The total requirements for the period are 36,651 tons.

(b) Between 10-16 June, WFP supplied 622 tons of targeted food rations to 73,925 beneficiaries in Kayanza, Ngozi and Bujumbura Rural provinces. However, due to insecurity in Rushubi sector, planned distribution of some 84 tons to 10,138 persons was postponed three times and finally cancelled. This distribution would be rescheduled security permitting.

(c) During the same period, WFP, in collaboration with UNHCR, distributed 50 tons of food to 1,032 repatriates from Tanzania as return package ration for 90 days. Additionally, WFP supplied 39 tons of food to 2,038 vulnerable persons in 13 social centres.

9) Kenya

(a) Lack of funds to provide food aid to the 205,000 refugees currently living in camps in Kakuma and Dadaab, forced WFP in June to cut significantly the level of assistance given to the refugee population. The food ration is now well below the standard 2,166 kcal per person, per day. In Kakuma camp food rations are now at 1,600 kcal a day, while in Dadaab are at 1,900 kcal a day. Further reductions in the amount of food given to refugees are expected if no contributions came forward urgently.

(b) WFP, The Office of the President and the Kenyan army have collaborated to provide food assistance to 40,000 people isolated by floods in Ijara district, North Eastern province. Twenty-two military trucks delivered 400 tons of relief food to Ijara. In these areas a significant number of people were displaced after floods washed away their homes and cultivated lands, as well as infrastructure such as roads, bridges and schools.

(c) More than 1 million beneficiaries in ten districts are expected to receive 12,000 tons of food in June through the emergency operation. Additionally, distributions for term two on the Expanded School Feeding Programme have begun. 1.3 million beneficiaries in some 4,413 schools throughout the country have been targeted with 9500 tons of commodities earmarked for distribution to beneficiaries.

B) West Africa Region: (1) Liberia, (2) Sierra Leone, (3) Guinea, (4) Cote d'Ivoire

1) Liberia

(a) Bomi County and the road leading to Sinje, Grand Cape Mount County are once again inaccessible to WFP due to clashes between opposition forces and troop loyal to the Government of Liberia. WFP had reinitiated food distributions to internally displaced persons in Sinje on 15 May and monthly rations (50 tons total) were distributed to 3,466 persons. This distribution was disrupted with the resumption of fighting on 17 May, and 9,995 beneficiaries have yet to receive their food rations.

(b) The annual WFP, UNHCR and donor Joint Food Needs Assessment Mission visited Liberia on 13-14 May 2002. While in the country, the Mission held discussions with WFP and UNHCR senior personnel as well as those of national and international NGOs. The Mission also visited refugees and internally displaced persons camps in Monrovia.

(c) People fleeing fighting in the countryside continue to arrive in the suburbs of Monrovia and other centers with concentrations of displaced persons. Displaced persons that had earlier sheltered in the town of Gbondoi have moved back to CARI near Gbarnga.

(d) The pressure on food stocks available continues to increase and the pipeline is viable only until the end of August 2002. Timely delivery of expected consignments is highly essential in order to meet the growing needs of IDPs and refugees.

2) Sierra Leone

(a) With the exception of a few criminal activities in Freetown, the security situation remains relatively calm throughout the country. UNAMSIL reported small cross border security incidents in villages along the Liberia/Sierra Leone border in Kailahun District.

(b) Approximately 2,470 Liberian refugees that crossed the border into Kailahun and Pujehun districts were relocated to WFP supported camps in Bo district, bringing the total number of refugees assisted by WFP to nearly 10,000. The number of Liberian refugees continues to rise with the recent movements from the border areas to the camps in Bo District. The number of beneficiaries for the WFP-supported camps of Gerrihun and Jembe is expected to reach 15,000, though the current number of refugees is about 10,000.

(c) The western area camps of Jui, Lumpa and Waterloo, which currently host 9,135 Sierra Leoneans repatriated from Guinea received a monthly distribution, approximately 133 tons in total. Additionally in the western area, 1,657 beneficiaries in the war wounded and amputee camp received a total 25 tons of food aid.

(d) During 3-16 June, 1,300 beneficiaries received over 7 tons of food through the Port Loko/Kambia area food-for-training, 123,400 pupils received 386 tons of food through emergency school feeding across the country and over 315 tons of food assistance supported 10,975 beneficiaries across Sierra Leone in both food-for-work and food-for-agriculture activities.

3) Guinea

(a) On 20 June, WFP airlifted more than sixteen tons of high protein biscuits to assist a fresh wave of Liberian refugees who have fled into N'Zerekore to escape their country's ongoing civil war.

(b) In addition to 44,000 refugees from Sierra Leone, WFP is currently providing food assistance to some 44,000 Liberian refugees in Guinea, with 20,000 who have crossed the border since January 2002.

4) Cote D'Ivoire

(a) According to UNHCR, a total of 21,769 refugees have entered Côte d'Ivoire since May 2001, including 6766 since early May 2002 when fighting renewed in Bong county. WFP, in collaboration with Caritas, assists all those who settle in Nicla refugee camp with food aid under the regional PRRO. The current caseload is 3,777.

(b) A Joint Food Assessment mission was carried out by the Ivorian Government, UNHCR and WFP on June 3-6 to evaluate the level of food security among the refugees in Nicla camp and the Danane transit centre. At Nicla camp, beneficiaries expressed that they are satisfied with the organization of the distributions. The mortality rate in the camp is 0.03 per day per 10,000, well below the 1 per day per 10,000 which is seen as the threshold for an emergency. Birth-weight for new-borns is between 2.7 kg and 3.3 kg, well above the 2.5 kg which can be an indicator of malnutrition.

(c) At the Danane transit centre, the moderate malnutrition rate is 7.8 percent with no cases of severe malnutrition. The refugees receive 1-2 hot rice-based meals per day provided by UNHCR. Based on the recommendations of the mission, WFP will take over the feeding of the centre and provide a full daily ration for the 500 refugees.

C) Central Africa Region: (1) Angola, (2) Namibia, (3) Republic of Congo, (4) Democratic Republic of Congo

1) Angola

(a) WFP will face critical food shortage, particularly in maize and pulses, in October without further urgent donor contributions.

(b) Around 40,000 people have been assisted with general food distribution in 10 family reception areas (FRAs). An additional 28,000 family members of UNITA soldiers have been registered for WFP general food distribution expected to start within days. Life-saving nutritional feeding in FRAs continues to around 5,000 malnourished children in several provinces with WFP food through NGO partners.

(c) In Bengo, an increase of spontaneous returnees to their area of origin is being observed with around 4,900 IDPs from Boa Esperança IDP camp leaving for their areas of origin during the week. Around 20,100 IDPs currently remain in Boa Esperança. The Bengo Provincial Government will present a plan shortly for the return of over 40,000 IDPs.

(d) In Bié, returnees now living at the newly accessible area of Cuemba, number almost 19,500 and registrations and assistance continue in this area. WFP estimates that almost 10,000 former IDPs from Kuito and Kamacupa camps have returned to their original areas since the cease-fire in April. In neighboring Huambo, following a security assessment, FRAs Menga Sambo and Chiteta have been opened for UN assistance. Lunge FRA remains inaccessible to UN personnel due to security concerns. WFP carried out a needs assessment in Chiteta FRA, and preparations are underway for registration and food assistance.

(e) Registration of people at FRAs continued in other provinces as well. In Huila, general food distribution by WFP staff in the newly accessible area of Chipindo was completed to around 9,500 registered beneficiaries. In Kuanza Sul, WFP is beginning registration of around 19,000 this week in two FRAs. In Lunda Sul and Lunda Norte, WFP registered 1,800 people in the Chinege FRA and distributed food to them directly, a further 860 people arrived during the week and were registered and assisted. In Malange, a team consisting of WFP, World Vision and MINARS personnel registered and provided WFP food to 4,300 people in Damba FRA and 3,150 people in Ganda Sol FRA. In Moxico, registration of around 8,600 people was completed in the Chicala FRA during the week. In Uige, WFP has completed registration of an estimated 10,000 beneficiaries in the Uamba FRA and food distribution is planned shortly.

2) Namibia

(a) Some 170 refugees have returned spontaneously to Kuando Kubango in Southern Angola from Namibia. Calai and Cuangar municipal authorities have reported that several hundred refugees in Namibia have indicated their interest in returning to Angola.

(b) The Namibian Government's Emergency Management Unit has reported that over 70,000 people in the Caprivi region are in need of emergency food aid as a result of widespread crop failure. Government assessments are still underway and the Government of Namibia has not declared the situation a national disaster. WFP is closely monitoring the situation and is considering sending a needs assessment mission.

3) Republic of Congo

(a) On 14 June 2002, Brazzaville endured two sustained military attacks in the Northeast outskirts of the town, as the rebel Ninja movement reportedly attacked the government military helicopters based at Brazzaville's international airport. Thousands of persons have fled and some houses have been looted.

(b) The EMOP for the assistance of DRC refugees in the North of Congo Brazzaville that was due to end on 31 May 2002 has been extended until December 2002. A total of 2,500 vulnerable refugees located in Betou will be assisted, in addition to the 50,000 beneficiaries already targeted by the operation.

(c) A total of 646 tons of food were distributed in the Republic of Congo in the month of May. On 29 May distribution to 9,700 IDPs from the Pool region began in Brazzaville.

(d) Following an inter-agency assessment mission carried out on 28 May 2002 in Kindamba, WFP delivered 7.7 tons of food to 2000 beneficiaries on 2 and 8 June, which was the first relief food since fighting erupted in Kindamba two months ago. Through two other inter-agency missions on 4-7 June, food assistance was delivered to 908 IDPs in Madzia and 6,500 IDPs that fled the Pool region and took refuge to the Bouenza region.

4) Democratic Republic of Congo

(a) On June 13, hundreds of members of the civil society, including local human rights organizations and women's associations, demonstrated for the second time at the UN headquarters building in Kinshasa to request the UN to send a peace keeping force to drive the Rwandese and other occupational armies out of the DRC.

(b) The security situation remained unpredictable in South Kivu as cases of looting and ambushes, and clashes between RCD and May May militiamen were commonly reported. In Katanga, confrontations between May May milita men and Forces Armées Congolaises (FAC) reportedly continued to create insecurity in the area of Malemba-Nkulu. The city of Kindu, in Maniema, has been surrounded by May May fighters for several weeks, preventing any food distributions in the city, except by air. Also in Maniema, RPF (Rwanda Patriotic Forces) and RCD soldiers (Congolese Rally for Democracy) looted a Catholic parish at Kapende, and two priests were kidnapped.

(c) A Joint Food Assessment Mission fielded by UNHCR and WFP reported that the peace agreement between the Angolan government and UNITA had some positive impacts on the Angolan refugees and IDPs. Reports stated that at some sites 80 percent expressed the desire to be immediately repatriated. WFP has been following the issue closely as there are still some 55,000 Angolan refugees who are receiving WFP food assistance.

D) Central Asia Region: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Iran, (3) Pakistan

1) Afghanistan

(a) Security, particularly in Mazar and the northern areas, has grown increasingly tense, with several incidences of violent criminal activity directed at NGOs, from armed robbery to sexual assault. In an effort to broadcast the attacks on the aid community and to highlight assistance activities that are thus in jeopardy, representatives of NGOs and UN agencies conducted a press conference on 19 June.

(b) The Joint WFP-FAO Crop Assessment Mission, comprising a 56-member mission of WFP, FAO, NGOs, and the Ministry of Agriculture, has begun in Afghanistan. Results of the survey are expected at the end of July, following the compilation of country assessment by an international mission.

(c) Food shortages in the pipeline are a significant issue and have caused difficulties in the approval of project proposals as well as release of food for ongoing projects. A pipeline break for cereals is expected in August. New donor contributions are urgently required.

(d) According to UNHCR, as of 19 June, the cumulative number of returnees since March 2002 has officially exceeded one million at 1,020,000 individuals. Nearly 932,000 have returned from Pakistan, with 78,000 from Iran and more than 9,000 from the Central Asian states.

2) Iran

(a) The new food distribution for the Iranian month of Tir (22 June ? 21 July) will commence in all the camps on 22 June. A total of 950 tons of food will be distributed to over 62,000 beneficiaries in 28 camps. A WFP mission visited Sistan-Baluchistan province during the period of 16 -18 June 2002, in order to set up recovery activities.

(b) The total number of Afghan refugees repatriated through UNHCR since 9 April 2002 is 69,378. The number of spontaneous returns recorded since 9 April is more than 16,000.

3) Pakistan

(a) In Mohammed Khel and Chaman camps, food was distributed to 37,944 Afghan refugees over ten days. At UAE camp in Chaman 2000 refugees have registered their request for voluntary repatriation and UNHCR will take over operation of the camp in July.

(b) Between 14-20 June, 4,427 individuals were repatriated from Balochistan to Afghanistan, bringing the total number of repatriated individuals to 95,252 as of 18 June. There are 26, 345 Afghan refugees families with registered caseload of 144, 640 individuals in Balochistan.

E) Eastern Europe Region: (1) Russian Federation, (2) Georgia

1) Russian Federation

(a) Despite the ongoing conflict, WFP will double its school feeding operation in Chechnya starting from September. The hot lunch programme was set up in December 2001 to feed 20,000 primary schoolchildren in 80 schools and 250 pre-school children in five kindergartens in the devastated region. In September it will expand to 45,500 students in 165 schools in Grozny, Grozny Rural, Achkhoy-Martan, Sunzha and Gudermes districts.

(b) The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) registered 117,800 Chechen IDPs living in Ingushetia as of 15 June. From 16 May to 15 June, the Chechen Administration organized five movements of IDPs from camps in Ingushetia. According to UNHCR, around 1,000 IDPs have returned to Chechnya during this period; they were dislocated in different temporary accommodation centers in Grozny.

(c) The Government of Russia has affirmed that IDPs living in Ingushetia would not be forced back to Chechnya. The Government stated that the return of IDPs would be voluntary and there is no deadline fixed for their return. On 29 May, an agreement was signed between the Government of Ingushetia and the Chechen Administration stating that IDPs from Ingushetia would return by the end of October this year.

(d) WFP Monitors carried out a rapid survey in IDP camps to find out whether IDPs were willing and prepared to return to Chechnya. Only 5 percent expressed that they were preparing to return home in the near future. Others were reluctant to return, mainly due to security concerns.

2) Georgia

(a) Activities under EMOP 6302 for drought-affected people are finished in all six targeted regions. During the last round of distribution some 641 tons of food was distributed to 11,545 participants of food-assisted community works projects. Since February 2001, when distribution started, a total of 41,300 tons of food has been distributed to 527,721 vulnerable persons through general food distribution and food-for-work.

(b) Following the earthquake in Tbilisi on 25 April 2002, and a subsequent request by the Government for international assistance, WFP, in partnership with World Vision International (WVI), distributed 14.6 tons of food to 1,080 persons that were forced to leave their residences and were temporarily accommodated in tents and barracks. A special agreement was signed with a bakery and the beneficiaries were provided with bread for a one-month period.

(c) Under PRRO 6122.1, WFP has been providing food assistance to Chechen refugees. In the beginning of June, WFP, in collaboration with UNHCR, distributed a two-month ration, consisting of approximately 128 tons of food, to 4,000 Chechen refugees in Pankisi valley, East Georgia.

(d) Winter crops suffered significant damages due to the exceptionally cold and dry winter, hail and strong windstorms, while insufficient precipitation and water availability may affect the summer crop harvest. Therefore, cereal harvest this year is estimated by FAO at 577,000 tons, which is about 140,000 tons less than the previous year (2000/2001).

(e) The results of early warning monitoring carried out by WFP in West Georgia indicate a worrying trend. Spring planting - mainly for maize, the staple food - was significantly delayed. By the end of May, only 70% of the land had been planted and by the end of April, which is the considered to be the optimum time for planting, only 30 % had been planted. Lack of farm machinery and cash for fuel also contributed to this problem. In East Georgia, the dry winter and winds in early spring, coupled with hail, damaged the wheat in several districts.

F) Latin America Region: (1) Colombia, (2) El Salvador

1) Colombia

(a) Three Colombian provinces were badly hit by intensive rains affecting more than 670 families. At the same time, the Cartagena sub-office reported the displacement of 575 persons in the Bolivar province due to actions by armed groups. These families are receiving emergency assistance from government institutions and the ICRC.

(b) A joint UN mission visited the Atrato River area in the Choco province to monitor the food distribution to 1,862 displaced families. An additional 900 families received food in the upper area of the Atrato River. The mission surveyed the situation of communities affected by the economic isolation imposed by armed groups along the river.

2) El Salvador

(a) During the last ten days, continuous rains have caused minor flooding throughout the country. The worst affected areas are located by the Rio Lempa and in the province of La Libertad.

(b) WFP is continuing assessments of communities in the drought-affected Eastern provinces.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons.

(End WFP Emergency Report No 25)