Lesotho + 7 more

Southern Africa Regional Programmes Appeal No. 05AA018

Format
Appeal
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments


The International Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. The Federation is the world's largest humanitarian organization, and its millions of volunteers are active in over 180 countries. All international assistance to support vulnerable communities seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response, according to the SPHERE Project.
This document reflects a range of programmes, objectives, and related activities to be implemented in 2005, and the corresponding funding requirements. These are based upon the broader, multi -year framework of the Federation’s Project Planning Process (PPP). The PPP products are either available through hyperlinks in the text, or can be requested through the respective regional department.

2005
Programme Title
in CHF
Strengthening the National Society
Health and Care
1,949,215
Disaster Management
434,591
Organizational Development
477,215
Coordination and Implementation
692,920
Total
3,553,9411
Regional Context

The Southern Africa region has an estimated population of 119 million people, nearly 80% of who are living below the poverty datum line. The region has experienced severe natural disasters since the year 2000. The cyclone Eline flood in 2000 caused massive destruction and was followed by the worst drought to hit the region in ten years in 2002-2003. Intervention programmes were implemented to avoid a humanitarian catastrophe from developing. The residual effects the food crisis coupled with HIV/AIDS worsened the situation especially for PLWHA.

Food security situation in Southern Africa

After the drought in the last two years which left nearly half the population qualifying for food assistance, the region still grapples with its effects. Many families remain vulnerable to food insecurity owing to both drought and HIV/AIDS. In response to this, the Red Cross has begun to implement livelihood-support initiatives to enable the households to regain their capacities to produce their own food. In some countries, the Federation has supported these initiatives with its HIV/AIDS programme through the provision of seeds and agricultural support packages. Although the programme is still small scale, it has proved to be viable as many households made more of these inputs than expected. The results on ground have indicated that with more support, the communities have demonstrated their willingness to deal with the food security issues.

H IV/AIDS situation in Southern Africa

The prime long-term challenge in the region remains the scaling-up of HIV/AIDS, nutrition and food security activities. The Southern Africa region is disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS: more than 25% of the adult population in the region is HIV-positive2 which principally include the most productive group. Life expectancy has significantly dropped to alarmingly low levels; the number of OVC and dependents continues to rise as the disease takes its toll on the productive age group. This has had a negative impact on the socio-economic performance which continues to deteriorate as the work force diminishes. Compounding the problem, PLWHA require not only treatment for opportunistic infections but also nutritious diet for their survival as lack of food weakens their immunes system.


Human Development Indicators at a Glance
Country
Population (millions)
GDP in USD
($)
HIV/AIDS Prevalence
(%, ages 15-49) 2003
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Female-Male
Access (%) to sustainable water sources
Adult literacy rate %
Female-Male
Angola
13.2
857
3.9
41.5 - 38.8
38
n.a.
Botswana
1.8
3,080
37.3
42.3 - 40.4
95
81.5 - 76.1
Lesotho
1.8
402
28.9
39.0 - 33.3
78
90.3 - 73.7
Malawi
11.9
177
14.2
38.2 - 37.5
57
48.7 - 75.5
Mozambique
18.5
195
12.2
40.0 - 36.9
57
31.4 - 62.3
Namibia
2.0
1,463
21.3
46.8 - 43.8
77
82.8 - 83.8
South Africa
44.8
2,299
24.3
51.9 - 46.0
86
85.3 - 86.7
Swaziland
1.1
1,091
38.8
36.9 - 34.4
38.8
80.0 - 82.0
Zambia
10.7
361
16.5
32.5 - 32.9
64
73.8 - 86.3
Zimbabwe
12.8
639
24.6
33.5 - 34.3
83
86.3 - 93.8
Source: UNDP Human Development Report, July 2004: Human Development Index (pages 139-250).
Note: Data is 2002 unless noted above. Refer to http://hdr.undp.org/reports/global/2004/pdf/hdr04_HDI.pdf

General linkages between HIV/AIDS and food security
It is now widely accepted that household food insecurity in rural and urban Southern Africa cannot be properly understood unless HIV/AIDS is factored into the equation. Livelihood-based analysis of linkages between food security and HIV/AIDS show that the impact is symbiotic; it is affecting all aspects of rural livelihoods, and thus effective analysis of causes and outcomes of HIV/AIDS requires a contextual understanding of livelihoods unique to a given area and social groups.

It is against this background that the Federation has identified and developed new approaches that will address the issue of integration with HIV/AIDS at a programmatic level during implementation of food security activities. Pilot projects have already started in some countries, hoping that if they succeed, the models will be documented and replicated in other countries to improve sustainability of food production to vulnerable communities in the region.

For further information please contact the Federation Secretariat, Africa Department: Terry Carney, Regional Officer for Southern Africa, email terry.carney@ifrc.org, phone 41.22.730.42.98. Please also refer to the full contact list at the end of this Appeal, or access the Federation website at http://www.ifrc.org

Footnotes:
1 USD 2,822,800 or EUR 2,289,200.
2UNAIDS Regional Situation Report No. 6 issued to SADC countries in April 2003, Gabarone, Botswana.

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