Lesotho Vulnerability Assessment and Analysis Report - June 2017



The Lesotho Vulnerability Assessment Committee (LVAC) was established in 2002. It is a government led multidisciplinary committee within the Office of the Prime Minister- Disaster Management Authority (DMA). Its membership consists of Government Ministries and Departments, United Nations Organizations, NonGovernmental organizations and the Private Sector. It is mandated to carry out livelihood vulnerability analysis and its aim is to provide timely analysis for emergency interventions as well as medium to long-term programming.

The process of vulnerability assessment and analysis is currently centralized, although moving towards decentralization whereby district teams are now responsible data collection in their respective districts.
LVAC has been conducting annual vulnerability assessments (VA) of food security and livelihoods situation for rural population since 2003 to date. In Lesotho, like in most countries the VAA methodology is based on the Household Economy Approach (HEA) that takes a holistic approach to food security based on livelihood systems including all strategies that households apply to make their living and the external context that may support and/or restrain them.

The current year assessment combined HEA methodology with household survey in order to integrate Nutrition, HIV and gender into Vulnerability Assessement and Analysis and also to understand in depth the impact different shocks on different sectors.