Information Bulletin: Quarterly update from the Analysis, assessment and preparedness service (ODA) of the WFP
WFP will launch its first-ever edition of the Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA) Handbook in July. This "state-of-the-art" handbook is the result of a comprehensive effort by WFP and will provide staff with the essential tools and tips needed to respond to emergency situations. Use of the Handbook will also ensure transparency of the methods used, leading to more effective partnerships. In the past, many assessments have focused primarily on estimating food aid needs. This Handbook provides guidance for a broader approach toward food security analysis, with a view to determining the most appropriate response (food and/or non-food). In particular, more emphasis is given to the analysis of links between food security, nutrition and market issues. While developing the Handbook, WFP consulted closely with other UN agencies, NGOs, academic institutions and donor representatives to obtain views on required improvements and suggested best practices. The United Kingdom's Department for International Development also provided generous support. With a circulation of 1,500 copies to WFP staff, partners and donors, the EFSA Handbook will be available in hard copy and can be downloaded from WFP's intranet and global internet site - www.wfp.org. French and Spanish translations will be available in September.
Recent Country Assessments and Analyses
Horn of Africa
Food security situation in the Greater Horn of Africa region - Initial assessments indicate that there may be a generalised drought in the region this year, and potentially affected countries are carrying out national assessments in order to respond to their situational needs. A recent VAM mission to the region and the Country Offices (CO) will support a technical review of the data. The results will advise the regional bureau on appropriate responses and interventions.
Crop and Food Supply Assessment Missions (CFSAMs) - Joint FAO/WFP CFSAMs were carried out in May 2005 in five Southern African countries - Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zambia. Meetings with government officials, local NGOs, national early warning units and other major stakeholders, combined with the findings from field visits in each of the countries, estimate that 6.8 million people are in need of food assistance with a cereal requirement of about 480,000 MT. Priority will be given to multisectoral interventions to help the poor and most affected population groups to re-establish their livelihoods. WFP has provided technical assistance to the current round of Vulnerability Assessment Committee assessments. The results will be presented to stakeholders in Johannesburg on 7-8 July to guide responses and interventions from donors and humanitarian agencies in the region.
National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment - Preparations for the 2005 national risk and vulnerability assessment are underway in Kabul. This assessment will build upon findings from 2003 and provide an updated scenario of food and livelihood security in Afghanistan.
The final report of a Comprehensive Food Security and Nutrition Survey was issued in Baku on 11 March. Carried out by WFP Azerbaijan and VAM in collaboration with Relief International, the study analysed the socioeconomic situation, food security levels and nutrition status of local resident and IDP populations in rural Azerbaijan to determine if there is a need for food assistance beyond 2005. The study is based on a household survey covering 3,441 households in 6 Economic Zones and 26 IDP camps. The findings and recommendations are currently being incorporated in WFP's new Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) starting 2006.
Regional Assessment Officers (RAOs) support the harvest assessment in Ethiopia - The food security and market assessment specialists based in the Kampala Regional Bureau are currently participating in the ODAN preassessment mission for the Belg/Gu harvest assessment in Ethiopia. Though capacities exist within the Government of Ethiopia and WFP partners to undertake such assessments, the RAOs will contribute in reviewing and refining the assessment analytical framework and process. This should result in enhanced inter-agency approaches for developing more accurate, precise and timely information on food aid requirements based on an improved joint methodology.
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