Lebanon + 2 more

WFP Lebanon Country Brief, October 2020

Situation Report
Originally published


In Numbers

1,011,520 people assisted in October 2020

US$26.4 m cash-based transfers made

US$ 51.9 m six months net funding requirements (Nov 2020 – Apr 2021)

Operational Updates

• In October, WFP assisted a total of 1,011,520 beneficiaries through cash-based transfer modalities amounting to USD 26.4 million and through distribution of family food parcels as part of the COVID-19 and economic crisis response. The people assisted were 169,799 vulnerable Lebanese, 820,277 Syrian refugees and 21,444 refugees of other nationalities.

• For the Beirut explosion response, WFP further expanded unrestricted multipurpose cash assistance to reach 52,120 of the most vulnerable people affected by the explosion who were registered either by WFP’s cooperating partners or by using the online self-registration website. While most families received their assistance through Western Union or emergency prepaid cards, some families received the food portion of the transfer value in the form of a food e-card (vouchers).

• WFP also made available to the humanitarian community a platform using blockchain technology that allows for better coordination and for partners to avoid duplication of assistance in order to ensure maximum reach to families affected by the explosion. This platform has the potential to be expanded for use in other interventions, particularly any interventions planned to assist vulnerable Lebanese.

• By the end of October, 10,000 of the 12,500 MT of wheat flour that arrived in Beirut on 18 August was distributed to millers across the country to support food security in Lebanon following the explosion. This wheat flour served to increase the weight of the subsidized bread package from 900 to 1,000 grams which means all families in Lebanon will get two extra loaves of bread for the same price for a period of 62 days.

• As most schools have not resumed in-person learning due to COVID-19 measures, WFP will resume food parcel distributions in mid-November to the families of Syrian and Lebanese children who attend public schools that are part of WFP’s school feeding programme. WFP plans to continue the in-kind distributions until the beginning of 2021 and until students return to in-person learning.

• Food for training (FFT) livelihoods activities resumed in October with full COVID-19 precautionary measures in place. FFT projects had been on hold since April due to COVID-19 related restrictions.

• The preliminary results of the Vulnerability Assessment for Syrian Refugees in Lebanon (VASyR) 2020 confirm the deteriorated economic situation. Approximately 88% of surveyed Syrian refugees fall below the Survival Minimum Expenditure Basket (SMEB) compared to 55% of Syrian refugees in 2019, and almost 1 of 2 Syrians are food insecure. The ongoing analysis of the VaSyR results will provide a greater understanding of the latest trends in terms of their economic vulnerability, their food security situation and protection issues among others.

• WFP and the World Bank continue to carry out phone surveys using the mVAM approach to obtain updated household-level information on food security, vulnerability, and livelihood situation of the Lebanese population. The next edition covering September and October will be shared in November