In response to the continued Syrian refugee crisis in Lebanon, Global Communities’ Office of Humanitarian Assistance conducted a rapid needs assessment in Mount Lebanon’s Chouf, Baabda and aley districts to better understand the level of vulnerability of Syrian refugees and Lebanese host communities. The assessment utilised a combination of survey instruments, focus group discussions, key informant interviews and field observations. Interviews included local and national Lebanese government officials, Lebanese organisations and international relief agencies. The assessment targeted Syrian refugees and Lebanese community members in districts known to be accommodating large concentrations of displaced persons. The surveys were designed to capture data on the general demographic profile of respondents and focused on shelter, WaSH, education, livelihood and protection concerns. Recognising that the survey results derive from a limited sample population, the findings put forward in this assessment should be considered illustrative of the needs in the target area and not used to extrapolate findings beyond the scope of the present study.