With the Syria refugee crisis entering its third year, ensur ing the sustainability and efficiency of water assistance is vital. In Iraq's Domiz camp there is a marked increase (to 80 per cent) in the number of residents ac cessing water through networks rather than the temporary solution of truc king. In Jordan's Zaatari Camp, a water supply network including communal water points with the potential to link at the household level will replace trucking by the end of 2014. A wastewater collection network for the camp is also in the de sign phase, and a wastewater treatment plant is planned.
In Lebanon, where all refugees live outside of camps , the WASH and Social Cohesion sectors are working closely to identify areas wher e access to water and solid waste services create a risk of tensions between the re fugee and host communities. In Jordan, the WASH sector is in the process of developing minimum standards for interventions in host communities to be used as a guidance document for partners.
Concerted efforts are underway in the region to improve planning and coordination in the WASH sector, including in Iraq where databases and reporting tools have been streamlined, allowing detailed W ASH camp profiles to be created. In Lebanon, an ongoing project to map informal se ttlements is allowing the sector to identify gaps in WASH capacity and imp lement more efficient and targeted WASH responses.