The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has been present in Lebanon since 1967, addressing the humanitarian consequences of conflict and other situations of violence, in close cooperation with the Lebanese Red Cross Society and the Palestine Red Crescent Society. Over the last 44 years, the ICRC has assisted families separated by war, prisoners, displaced populations, acted as neutral intermediary in the exchange of combatants and mortal remains and reminded parties involved in conflict to respect the principles of international humanitarian law.
In 2011, the ICRC conducted a study of the needs of the families of persons who went missing during armed conflicts in Lebanon. While it continued visiting detainees in prisons and other detention places, the ICRC worked on improving sanitation and access to health care for detainees. It also completed a bid to help local authorities, mostly in rural areas, upgrade water installations that had been damaged or neglected over long years of armed conflict in Lebanon.
The ICRC continued to provide support to the health facilities operated by the Palestine Red Crescent Society and a first-aid training programme for volunteer members of the civil society to improve the quality of care available to residents of Palestinian camps.