Lebanon + 2 more

MSNA sector chapters - WASH

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  1. KEY FINDINGS

Summary of Priorities

Based on the data review and inputs from the Sector Working Group we can provide the following preliminary conclusions:

The data and perceptions of the SWG indicate the need for infrastructure rehabilitation at multiple points within the water system at the community level. Sanitation facilities, especially in schools and water storage tanks, required improvements. In light of the current water scarcity, water saving awareness is required across all target groups, including industry.

WASH assessments have not systematically identified the unique challenges of target groups. However it indicates that for Syrian refugees, especially those who live informal settlement (IS) and unfinished dwellings, the needs are high. Interviews with UNRWA highlight that the same applies to PRS and PRL, many of whom live in already overcrowded dwellings (the camps) or have limited access to services (outside camps).

Existing assessments do not cover a broad enough geographic area to deduce potential WASH priority sites.

Indications show that approximately two-thirds of the 225 vulnerable cazas (districts) in Lebanon do not have WASH programmes, however, this could be due to a lack of data to detail what the needs are for each area. What is apparent is that hygiene promotion tends to the weakest area of intervention. Economic water scarcity is highlighted as a major challenge for the coming months, and in particular the summer, when, due to reduced access to municipal water supplies, over-pumping of wells may lead to water contamination and longer-term water shortages.