The Syrian crisis is having a profound impact on Lebanon, resulting in negative repercussions that have reached a scale unprecedented in the history of refugee-driven emergencies. Lebanon hosts the most Syrians compared to neighboring countries. The number of UNHCRregistered/ awaiting registration refugees has soared in 2014 to over a quarter of the Lebanese population. Syrians are scattered in different locations throughout Lebanon — with the vast majority concentrated in Aakkar, the North, Baalbeck-Hermel and the Bekaa, living in informal settlements or in accommodations — a factor that has only served to worsen the issue and complicate the process of remediation.
This sudden and large influx of displaced from Syria is now placing enormous pressure on the country and its people, especially those in vulnerable areas, where displaced concentrations are greatest. According to competent ministries and UN agencies, the demand for public services such as electricity, water, and sewage has multiplied and reached a point beyond the capacity of the limited available resources.
The Lebanese economic, social, political and security situation has also taken a massive hit from the Syrian crisis. This has led to the exacerbation of the problems that Lebanon was grappling with even before the eruption of the Syrian conflict, due to its limited financial and institutional capacities. In view of all these facts, Lebanon found itself in need of more support from the Arab countries and the international community.