This Revised Emergency Appeal seeks CHF 4,647,103 million in cash, kind, or services to support four National Societies in assisting 62,000 people (12,400 families), for six months, until the end of June 2013. A Final Report will be available by the end of September 2013 (3 months after the end of the operation).
Appeal History: A preliminary Emergency Appeal was launched on 9 August 2012 for CHF 3.7 million to assist 55,000 people (11,000) for six months.
Summary: The ever-increasing number of women, men, girls and boys fleeing the violence in Syria into neighbouring countries shows no sign of abating. To date over 587,011 people have been registered by UNHCR in Syria’s neighbouring countries, from 123,000 registered at the time of publication of the preliminary appeal. The UN estimates that this number could reach over 700,000 by the middle of 2013. The arrival of winter has further increased the plight of the most vulnerable, who now face increased hardship due to the cold. To address these needs, this appeal seeks CHF 4,647,103 million to assist the Jordan Red Crescent (JRC), the Lebanese Red Cross (LRC), the Iraq Red Crescent Society (IRCS) and the Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS - Lebanon branch), in responding to the needs of some 12,400 families in the areas of relief (including cash assistance), health, disaster preparedness and capacity building for the operating National Societies. This is in addition to providing significant support to National Societies through disaster preparedness and capacity building components to respond to supporting contingency planning for a larger influx of Syrian refugees. Activities developed in this Emergency Appeal are based on IFRC and partner National Societies joint assessment findings and secondary information, and have been designed in partnerships between the IFRC and the National Societies (NS).
Since March 2012, the Revised Emergency Appeal for MENA Civil Unrest (appeal number MDR82001) has supported activities targeting the needs of people fleeing Syria into Lebanon and Jordan. As stated in the Operations Update 12 published on the 4 July, 2012, these activities and the balance of funds have been integrated into this appeal.
The Lebanese Red Cross has been providing emergency medical services to wounded and sick women, men, girls and boys arriving on the eastern and northern borders of the country from Syria through first aid treatment, transportation to hospitals and provision of blood units.
The Jordanian Red Crescent has been distributing hygiene kits and other essential non-food items to Syrians registered in Amman and the northern areas of Mafraq, Ramtha and Irbid, where the highest numbers of Syrians refugees are currently found. It has also carried out a joint assessment with the IFRC to assess the needs of Syrian refugees living in host communities, which comprise between 70% and 80% of the refugee population (the rest being sheltered in four camps in the North of the country). A Head of Emergency Operations (HEOps) was deployed in November to support JRC with their response in support of the Syrian refugees in country. In January, a FACT team was also deployed to Jordan to carry out a technical assessment and feasibility study for the management of a 10,000 people refugee camp.
In Iraq, the Cabinet announced on 25 September that it was mandating the IRCS to assist refugees coming from Syria. Following that IRCS provided support ranging from the provision of tents, food and non-food items and scaled up its activities in the North as well as on both Al Qa’im and Al Rabyaa borders.
The Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS Lebanon Branch) has been supporting Syrians as well as Palestinian refugees arriving from Syria through their network of 5 hospitals and health centres in Lebanon (mainly in Palestinian refugees camps). It is recognised as a key actor in providing secondary health care to Palestinian refugees and demands on their resources has increased as numbers of Palestinian refugees have crossed into Lebanon from Syria. Should there be a growing influx of Palestinian refugees from Syria into Lebanon, would be crucial to minimize the humanitarian impact for both incomers as well as for hosting families and for the camps in Lebanon. For this reason, they have been added to this revised Appeal with the agreement and in close collaboration with LRC.
All National Societies, with support of the IFRC, ICRC and Partner National Societies, continue to carry out these essential activities in their respective countries.