Fatah al-Islam has an obligation to ensure that civilians are not unnecessarily exposed to the fighting and are allowed to leave the camp if they so wish. Civilians wishing to leave must be evacuated and their movement should be facilitated and protected.
Humanitarian organizations such as the Red Cross and the United Nations must be allowed immediate and unhindered access inside the camp, where civilians face growing problems also because of cuts in water and electricity supply.
Countries that exercise influence on the Lebanese government must ensure that any weapons delivered to the Lebanese army do not contribute to human rights abuses.
There is a real fear that the clashes could spread to other Palestinian refugee camps or could develop into wider political violence in Lebanon, again raising fears of a return to the intercommunal violence that marked the 1970s and 1980s. Whatever the immediate cause of these incidents, they highlight the long-standing international failure to resolve the Palestinian-Israel conflict, a permanent cause of fear and polarization around the world as shown in the Amnesty International Report 2007 published today.
"It took the United Nations Security Council four weeks to call for a cease-fire in Lebanon during the conflict in 2006 - the UN must act more urgently this time," said Secretary General Irene Khan. "What is urgently needed is principled and sustained engagement by the UN and world leader to deal with the situation in Lebanon and the broader Middle East."
At least 70 people have so far been killed in the fighting which erupted four days ago between Fatah al-Islam, an Islamic militant group, and the Lebanese army. The fighting started in Tripoli, north Lebanon, then escalated at Nahr al-Bared camp which is home to around 30,000 Palestinian refugees. There are reports of the army's use of heavy weaponry, including tanks. The casualties included at least 13 civilians - the real figure is likely to be higher - in addition to some 30 Lebanese army soldiers and 25 fighters. Thousands of refugees were finally able to leave the camp last night during a lull in the fighting and many continue to leave.