In the afternoon of 4 August 2020, two explosions occurred at Beirut’s seaport causing over 180 deaths and injuring more than 6,000 people. The blast destroyed several major hospitals, some 20 clinics, and over 120 schools. The blast happened against a background of a deep political, financial, and economic crisis. The coping capacity of services were already stretched, compounded by the spread of COVID-19. Today, there are a wide range of humanitarian needs in Lebanon, a country where refugees make up 30% of the population. The number of daily COVID-19 infections rose sharply at the end of August and has been steadily climbing since then.
This document provides information on safety and security concerns aid agencies responding to the wide range of needs in the country should consider in their duty of care responsibilities towards their staff and local partners. The analysis is based on security incidents and concerns shared by ten aid agencies through the Aid in Danger project. It provides a unique insight into the environment in which aid agencies work. It is based on data for January 2015 and June 2020. Overall there has been no significant change in humanitarian access in Lebanon so far. This document describes the security trends affecting aid observed over the past five years.