Red Cross Red Crescent Movement partners currently actively involved in the operation: American Red Cross, Australian Red Cross, The Canadian Red Cross Society, Danish Red Cross, German Red Cross, Hong Kong branch of Chinese Red Cross, Italian Red Cross, Japanese Red Cross, The Republic of Korea National Red Cross, Spanish Red Cross, Swedish Red Cross, Swiss Red Cross, Thai Red Cross Society, and the Netherlands Red Cross, Viet Nam Red Cross Society, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), and the International Committee of Red Cross (ICRC).
The Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (DG ECHO); Facebook, Intercontinental Hotels Groups (IHG), the Governments of Canada, Chile, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain and Switzerland (Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, SDC); and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) have also contributed financially to the operation.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
The collapse of the Xe-Pian Xe-Namnoy dam on 23 July 2018 as a result of Tropical Storm Son Tinh that had made land fall days earlier, has caused massive flash floods that affected 13,100 people and displaced 6,000 people, leaving 39 dead and around 97 missing (according to UN Situation Report no. 9).
Following Son Tinh was the Tropical Storm Bebinca which hit the country only weeks after. According to UN Information Bulletin No. 5, all provinces in Lao PDR have been affected, including 2,382 villages, 126,736 households, and 616,145 people. A total of 1,779 Houses are destroyed and 514 damaged. 90,000 ha of paddy fields and 11,000 ha of other plantations have been destroyed, and 630 km of roads and 47 bridges have been damaged, report says. According to the findings from the ongoing Post-Disaster Need Assessment (PDNA) conducted by Laos’ Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, and facilitated by the UN, World Bank, and the EU, total damage reportedly added up to USD 147 million, while the total loss added up to USD 225 million. The most affected sectors overall are agriculture and transport, which contribute to 90% of damages and losses. The most affected provinces are Vientiane Capital, Khammouane, Huaphanh and Attapeu. Attapeu is most affected per capita. As the floods have increasingly affected also other parts of the country, the Humanitarian Country Team has enhanced the Disaster Response Plan by expanding the focus of the operation from Attapeu to cover the entire country. The Lao Red Cross will be responding according to the original plan. This Emergency Appeal operation remains focusing on Attapeu flash flood response and recovery.