A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
An earthquake with 6.7 magnitude struck the Osh Province/Oblast of Kyrgyzstan at 23:29 local time on 17 November 2015, causing a wide range of damage in six districts of the province – Kara-Suu, Alay, Ozgon, Kara-Kulja, Aravan and Chong-Alay. The epicenter was registered in the Alai District. During the night on 17-18 November, several aftershocks followed. According to the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Kyrgyz Republic (MoES KR), there were no human casualties in the aftermath of the earthquake, but damage was sustained by homes, education facilities, mosques, community centers, health posts, and other infrastructure. The total number of affected communities in the six districts has reached 39.
According to the preliminary rapid assessment results of the MoES (as of the morning of 19 November 2015), the number of affected population exceeds15,000 people (3,300 families). Over 200 families are reported to have lost their houses (completely destroyed), while over 800 houses are reported to have been severely damaged (please refer to Table 1 below for more details). The Red Crescent Society of Kyrgyzstan deployed its experienced disaster response staff and volunteers to support the local authorities and the MoES in rapid assessments and are in the process of organizing emergency items distributions in the affected areas. The MoES has set up tents in the worst-affected communities (Chaichi village of Kara-Suu District) and is in the process of attending the immediate needs of the population. The affected residents are reported to be in need of emergency shelter, warm clothes and other essential household items. The weather forecasts are predicting a substantial decrease in temperature from 20 November, causing further challenges for the affected families.