1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Acute humanitarian needs still exist in Kyrgyzstan, caused by a confluence of factors. The harsh winter of 2007 was followed by low precipitation during the spring and summer 2008 which depleted Kyrgyzstan's hydroelectric resources and caused power cuts just when electricity was most needed for home heating in winter. Soaring food and fuel prices, with the price of gas increasing by 80% in January, adverse weather and declining remittances weakened the purchasing power of the most vulnerable and contributed to a precarious food security situation for some. The October 2008 World Food Programme (WFP) Emergency Food Security Assessment revealed that one household in five is at high nutritional and health risk because of poor food consumption. The situation is further compounded by the fact that widespread and chronic food insecurity is becoming more severe as a result of inflationary pressures, depletion of productive agricultural assets, and an anticipated fall in remittances from Russia and Kazakhstan.
Based on these and other assessments, a Flash Appeal was issued for Kyrgyzstan in November 2008 requesting US$20,635,263 for the estimated 800,000 people who were considered to be specifically vulnerable to the effects of water, energy and food insecurity. They were the extremely poor; homeless people; street children; people living in institutions; people living in extremely remote locations; and people who lack proper documentation, making them ineligible for many of the existing social protection schemes. With the onset of winter, it has became clear that more funding is urgently needed to ensure that basic medical services remain accessible, water and sanitation supplies continue uninterrupted, and the most vulnerable people in society have access to shelter, heating, medical care and food.
The objectives of this revised Flash Appeal are, firstly, to continue to respond pro-actively to actual and imminent humanitarian needs, focusing on the most vulnerable groups or social service institutions (like hospitals and orphanages) between December 2008 and May 2009. Secondly, to support urgent effective implementation of priority interventions of the Country Development Strategy (CDS), including linkages between humanitarian assistance and early recovery actions. Targeted assistance will be provided until the end of May 2009, while concerted efforts will be made to mobilise longer-term programmes for early recovery and risk reduction. Projects take into account the implementation capacity of UN agencies and NGO partners, and are based on the most recent quality assessment data that have been generated for this purpose, including during the past two months ensuring that all projects and related budgets in this revised Flash Appeal correspond to current needs but also integrate new components that help to link humanitarian actions with early recovery programmes.
While the focus remains on the most critical needs of vulnerable groups and institutions, the United Nations and its partners are working to ensure that all urgent humanitarian actions, early recovery and medium-term development programmes are synchronised to augment Kyrgyzstan's resilience to future shocks. However, as of 6 February, $6,662,979, or 45% of the Flash Appeal's revised requirements, had been received. Whilst this constitutes a generous level of funding, most of it was directed towards the Food Sector, leaving other sectors critically underfunded, most notably Health, and Water and Sanitation. These underfunded sectors constitute a key link between the humanitarian emergency brought on by the winter and the assistance needed to alleviate it, and the linking of this assistance with early recovery actions. With almost 55% of the appeal's budget still unfunded, this strategy is under serious threat, at the risk of continued suffering of the most vulnerable individuals and groups, and avoidable loss of human and economic capital.
This revised Flash Appeal seeks $14,751,781 to help eight UN agencies and three non-governmental organisations (NGOs) support the Government of Kyrgyzstan in addressing the needs of some two million persons, including 800,000 of the most vulnerable people in the country, as well as to undertake measures to ensure continuation of essential services. This is a reduction of $5.9 million compared to the original requirements. The main adjustments are in the health and water and sanitation sectors, where some of the originally proposed interventions are considered no longer relevant. Activities will be carried out in the food, health, water and sanitation, shelter, and child protection and education sectors.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Table I. Requirements, Commitments/Contributions and Pledges (Grouped by Sector)
Table II. Requirements, Commitments/Contributions and Pledges (Grouped by Organisation)
A. Increased food insecurity
B. Energy deficit
C. Risks of natural disasters
2.2 RESPONSE TO DATE
2.3 HUMANITARIAN CONSEQUENCES AND NEEDS ANALYSIS
2.4 SCENARIO SITUATION UPDATE FEBRUARY 2009
3. RESPONSE PLANS
3.1 OVERALL RESPONSE STRATEGY
3.2 PLANNING ASSUMPTIONS AND RESPONSE CONSTRAINTS
3.3 SECTOR RESPONSE PLANS
4. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
ANNEX I. PROJECT TABLES
TABLE III. LIST OF PROJECTS – (GROUPED BY SECTOR)
TABLE IV. LIST OF PROJECTS – (GROUPED BY APPEALING ORGANISATION)
TABLE V. REQUIREMENTS, COMMITMENTS/CONTRIBUTIONS AND PLEDGES (GROUPED BY IASC STANDARD SECTOR)
ANNEX II. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
Please note that appeals are revised regularly. The latest version of this document is available on http://www.humanitarianappeal.net. Continuously-updated project details and budgets can be seen on www.reliefweb.int/fts.
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