Kenya

West Pokot County: 2015 Short Rains Food Security Assessment Report (February 2016)

Attachments

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 County Background

West Pokot County is located in the North Western part of the country. It borders Baringo to the East, the Republic of Uganda to the West, Trans Nzoia and Elgeyo Marakwet to the South and Turkana to the North. The county has an area of 9,169.4 square kilometers with a population of 512,6902 persons. West Pokot has three main livelihood zones namely;
Pastoral (All species) comprising 33 percent, mixed farming comprising 30 percent and agro pastoral comprising 37 percent of the population (Figure 1). The county is further divided into four administrative sub-counties namely; Pokot North, Pokot South, Pokot Central and Pokot West.

1.2 Current Factors Affecting Food Security

The main factors affecting food security includes; livestock pests and diseases, crop diseases, infrastructure disruptions, uneven rainfall distribution, high prices of agricultural inputs (fertilizers and seeds) and gradual increase of food prices.

2.0 COUNTY FOOD SECURITY SITUATION

The county is largely classified as being in the Minimal (IPC phase 1) as per the categorization by Integrated Phase classification description (IPC). The performance of the short rains was normal to above normal. Spatial distribution was uneven however, temporal distribution was fair.
Currently the total maize stocks held in the county are about 94.6 percent of normal. Current meal frequency for under-fives and adults is at an average of two to three meals a day across all livelihood zones which is normal at this time of the year. Water consumption is normal compared to the Long Term Average (LTA) at 5 - 10 litres per person per day for both Pastoral livelihood zone and the Agro-Pastoral livelihood zone while in Mixed Farming livelihood zone water consumption is at 15 - 20 litres per person per day. The nutrition status of children under five as measured by mid upper arm circumference (MUAC < 135 mm) in January 2015 was 8.3 percent, which was slightly below average of 10 percent. Global acute malnutrition (GAM) rates are 12.4.
The mean coping strategy index (CSI) as at September 2015 was 18, compared to 23 in September 2014 implying that households are currently engaging in normal coping strategies. Terms of trade are 86 compared to the average of 73 indicative of 17 percent increase attributed to improved body condition.