West, Central, and North Pokot Districts: Drought Monthly Bulletin, November 2009

Situation Report
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Situation overview

- The district received low rainfall, which was poorly distributed. Most of the areas received rainfall between 10% to 50% of the normal and most of the rainfall received was in the first dekad (first 10 days) of the month.

- Range conditions deteriorated throughout the district, except in the mixed farming areas where the condition is stable.

- There was massive movement of livestock towards Trans Nzoia and towards the upper mixed farming zones where there were leftovers in the farms.

- Boreholes were the major water sources followed by traditional river wells, an indication that rainfall was not enough to recharge the natural rivers.

- Average distance traveled by households to the water sources did not significantly change. However, in low lying areas including Nyangaita, the distances increased from 4.3km to 8km.

- Livestock migration was on the increase, as animals moved from the dry season grazing areas, where they were previously concentrated, towards Trans Nzoia district.

- Prices of cattle increased from Ksh7,623 to Ksh8,568. This increase was as a result of animals moving to the farming zones, hence their body condition and prices were still good.

- Prices of goats increased from Ksh1,027 to Ksh1,154. This increase in goat prices was normal, especially as the December festive season sets in.

- The price of beans continued to increase and the average recorded was Ksh78 per kilo compared to Ksh60 recorded last month. Availability of beans has continued to reduce both at the households and the market levels.

- The nutrition status of children below five years declined, with the percentage of those rated at risk of malnutrition rising from 6.8% to 9.7%, an indication of a worsening condition. Konyao sample area which had recorded 16% last month recorded 26% during the month.

- The overall drought situation in the district was alert and the trend worsening.