Kenya

Wajir County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for September 2015

Attachments

Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

The County received normal to below normal rainfall in the March-AprilMay rainy season which was fair to poor in both temporal and spatial distribution.

The current pasture and browse range from fair to poor in all species and parts of Agro pastoral Livelihood zone. However, the situation of pasture and browse deteriorated significantly in Eldas, Buna of Wajir North Wajir West, parts of Tarbaj and Wajir Bor area of Wajir East bordering Somalia.
The overall vegetation condition declined as shown by the 3-month VCI decline from a value of 36.88 to 36.05 The current state of water is at level 3 which is normal at this time of the year. Most of the water pans have dried up in some parts of the subcounty such as Wajir North, Wajir West, and likewise fewer water pans are still holding water in other area.

Water trekking distances for households and livestock increased significantly due to drying of 70% of temporary water points. The current average households to watering points stand at 10.2 km compared to previous month of 10.0km. Average grazing distances also increased from 13.8 to 15.3 significantly as pasture become inadequate in the entire county.

Socio-economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

The Current livestock body condition is fair to poor with a larger section of livestock in all species livelihood zone being below normal as compared to the previous months. However camel body conditions remained good to fair.

Livestock market performed poorly in the county as compared to previous month. The current ToT stands at 60 lower than previous month of 65 due to low purchasing power and poor livestock body condition. Migration of livestock was witness as a result of insufficient pasture and water in some areas like in Wajir East, Elda’s, and lower North area of Buna Milk accessibility and availability was below normal. Milk price remained stable from an average of Ksh 85 per litre, therefore reducing milk consumption at household levels.