Kenya

Wajir County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for November 2015

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Situation Report
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Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

The County received near normal to normal rainfall amounts of rainfall but poorly distributed both temporal and spatial. There was however improvement in the amounts of rainfall recorded during the end of the month with Habaswein receiving 150mm, Khorof 101mm while Lagbogol recorded a low rainfall of 18.2mm. Large swath of land in Wajir South, West, Eldas and East received below normal rainfall and the situation is stressed.

The current pasture and browse improved in some parts of the county while others are in fair to poor state. There is below normal to insignificant improvement in pasture and browse in most parts of Wajir West,Lagbogol, Eldas Buna, Batalu and Ajawa areas.

The County Vegetation deficit was higher in November at 25.89 compared to previous month figure of 29.5. However Sub-counties such as Wajir North (41.25), Tarbaj (40.88), has shown improvement in vegetation conditions while Wajir south,Eldas and Wajir West recorded 18.06 and 17.28 and 15.56 respectively.

The current state of water has improved significantly at level 5 which is normal at this time of the year. Water pans have recharged in Wajir North, Wajir West, South, Tarbaj and Wajir East Sub-counties.

Water trekking distances for households and livestock decreased significantly due to short rains recharging temporary water points. The current average households to watering points decreased at 3 km compared to previous month of 3.5km. Average return grazing distances also decreased slightly from 12 .5km to 11.4.

Socio-economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Livestock body condition has slightly improved in agro-pastoral, pastoral camel and all species livelihood zones as a result of availability of pasture and browse attributed to the on-going short rains. However livestock body condition in Wajir South cattle pastoral, Eldas and part of Buna are ranging from fair to good as a result of poor pasture regeneration. Consequently, livestock production has slightly improved compared over the month.

Livestock migration was evident in most livelihood zones as herders moved to areas with pasture regeneration. There was no death related to livestock diseases. However, outbreak of cholera in Wajir town is a major issue of concern. Crops planted in October in Wajir North are at flowering stages while those at other parts of the County are at knee height. Long interval between rainy days negatively affected production of both pasture and crops development.