Inter clan conflict situation along the border areas of Wajir and Mandera Counties
Wajir County is divided into 8 districts namely; Wajir East, Tarbaj, Wajir South, Habaswein, Wajir West, Eldas, Buna and Wajir North districts. There are 6 constituencies currently that is, Tarbaj, Wajir East, Wajir South, Wajir West, Eldas and Wajir North districts. The current inter ethnic clashes between the Degodia and Garre communities along Border areas of Mandera and Wajir began on May 13, 2014.
The inter clan clashes between Garre and Degodia communities along the Wajir – Mandera Border has directly affected 10 locations in Tarbaj District namely; Lehely, Bojigaras, Mansa, Burmayo, Ogoralle, Ber janai, Dunto, Basaneja, Gunana and Belowle (Wajir North). The clashes in Wajir County further affected other centres that have had an influx of displaced persons which include Sarman, Elben, Tarbaj, Kutulo, Batalu, Danaba, Quadama and Gulani
a) Impacts of conflicts
Following renewed wave of deadly clashes in Gunana in Tarbaj, the County Government, KRCS staff and volunteers, and partners including Save the Children, Islamic Relief, WASDA, Aldef, amongst others carried out a Rapid Impact Assessment using KIRA Framework to assess the impact of the clashes and needs (immediate, short and long term) of the affected populations both displaced and host communities. The County Governor in an emergency interagency county coordination meeting requested KRCS in collaboration with Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to lead the emergency response including the medical outreach, Rapid Impact Assessment of the immediate Humanitarian Situation and support required in distribution of emergency food aid and NFIs, amongst others.
The following are the summary findings;
- People feel very insecure, there is tension, fear and uncertainties leading to further displacements.
- A total of 18 people lost their lives, 9 injured including 1 child in Wagberi Location (Wajir East – June 2, 2014) referred to Wajir District Hospital + Nairobi.
- A total of 230 houses were burnt with an estimated over 100 houses looted of all the belongings (furniture, clothes, kitchen utensils etc) after their owners fled to Gunana and Central.
- Primary and secondary schools closed in 10 locations, teachers left.
- Dispensaries and Health Centres closed in 15 locations, staff left.
- Major sanitation problem in all the affected areas
- Food insecurity very high in for the displaced in the affected areas
- Water scarcity in a number of affected areas – overstretched, IDP exacerbating the situation by putting pressure on the scarce resources
- Lack of drugs and absence of health staff in a number of health facilities visited
- Displaced people were camping outside under tree shades
- IDPs - Most of the children are sick mostly with fever and diarrhoea.
- Sanitation – low latrine coverage, in some areas especially in central,access to Health services a problem (expensive)
- Livelihood availability – Collapse of livestock markets, shops closed, decreased income which has extended to Wajir town
- Education widely affected – children not attending school
- Water contaminated and salty - Sarman
- Drying up of shallow wells
- IDP protection – Security, nutrition, shelter
- Malnourished children reported
- Collapse of transport and access.