UNICEF Kenya Humanitarian Situation Report, 5 May 2017
• March to May seasonal rains remain depressed and access to water for human and livestock consumption is extremely limited in pastoral areas in North West and North Eastern parts of Kenya.
• To date, 71,458 people including 5,580 school children have benefitted from the repair of 39 water points in Turkana and Garissa Counties.
• Five confirmed measles cases and 55 cholera cases have been reported from Dadaab Refugee Complex during the reporting period.
• 3,384 children were screened during nutrition outreach activities in Baringo County in April with 9.9 per cent children and 20 per cent pregnant and lactating women identified as being severely malnourished. This region is affected both by insecurity and drought.
• During the reporting period, UNICEF Kenya received US$ 4.9 million from DFID and the Netherlands Committee for UNICEF. UNICEF’s humanitarian programme in Kenya has a funding gap of over 47 per cent.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
• Despite the start of rains in parts of the country, the seasonal rains (1 March to-date) are generally depressed over most parts of the country including western and central areas of Kenya that usually receive good amounts of rains at this time of the year. Most stations of Kenya Meteorological Department recorded highly depressed and poorly distributed seasonal rainfall and are way below 75 per cent of their seasonal Long Term Means (LTMs). Because of prolonged dry spells, deterioration in pasture for animals and limited water availability is experienced in pastoral areas and poor crop performance recorded in most agricultural areas. Consumer prices of basic foods have sharply increased with inflation rate rising up to 11.5 per cent in April 2017 (highest since May 2012) compared to 10.3 percent in the previous month.
• Access to water for human and livestock consumption is extremely limited in pastoral areas in North West and North Eastern parts of the country. In West Pokot County, women and children trek long distances to access water points as all water pans dried up and 90 per cent of boreholes are not functional.
• Nutrition outreach activities in Baringo County identified 9.9 per cent children and 20 per cent pregnant and lactating women (PLW) as severely malnourished. During these activities in second half of April, 3,384, children (under 5) were screened, with 29 per cent identified as acutely malnourished and 19.1 per cent classified as moderately malnourished. This region is affected both by insecurity and drought.
• Five cases of measles have been confirmed in Dadaab Refugee Complex. The index case was detected and confirmed on 21 March followed by four additional cases, all were Somali refugee children (under five years) hosted in Dagahaley camp who recently arrived with unknown vaccination status. While current immunization coverage among refugees in Dadaab Complex is at 95 per cent, the coverage in host community is less than 60 per cent. The sub-county hosting the refugees has weak surveillance network and high staff turnover, hence there is likelihood of measles spread to areas adjacent to camps.
• Cholera outbreak continues in two counties – Garissa County (specifically Dadaab Refugee Complex) and Tana River County. In Dadaab, 55 cases of cholera (15 culture positive) were recorded in Dagahaley, Hagadera, Ifo 1 and Ifo 2 camps as of 29 April, while 5 new cases were recorded in Garsen and Minjila towns in Tana River County between 20 and 28 April. Majority of cases in Dadaab are linked to newly arriving refugees (from Sakow village in Somalia) and households hosting them.
• Kala-azar (Visceral Leishmaniasis) cases continue to be recorded in Wajir and Marsabit with Wajir West Sub County hard hit and line listed 51 cases. Test kits are running out in Wajir with one supplied by MSF.
• Drought-induced separation of children from their families is reported in various parts of the country. In Garissa County, 64 boys from a primary boarding schools were reported separated from their families who migrated in search of pasture and water for livestock. In Kakuma, about 60 street children were recorded.
• Conflict over resources and drought displacements continue in Baringo County. A total of 1,806 households (10,597 people and 6,018 children) are still displaced in IDP camps in Baringo North and Marigat Sub-Counties. The latest incident of insecurity has been reported in Kapedo on the Turkana and East Pokot border resulting in fatalities. Fifteen health facilities remain closed in East Pokot sub-county due to ongoing security operation in the area, and access to children in need in East Pokot Sub-County remains a challenge.
• The host community of Kakuma Refugee Camp faces challenges in nutritional support, psychosocial support groups and tracing of defaulters to HIV treatment, which is required to retain persons living with HIV in uninterrupted treatment. Clients often use different names or give incorrect addresses, which makes tracing difficult. The camp also continues to experience shortage of HIV test kits and commodities.
• The conflict and famine in South Sudan continues to displace vulnerable people into Kenya. As at 21 April, 2,533 refugee children were received in Kakuma bringing the total refugee children received to 4,631 since the beginning of the year. Overall population in Kakuma Refugee camp stands at 169,203 registered refugees out which 90,406 are from South Sudan. In Dadaab, 3,453 undocumented refugees were profiled by UNHCR and 999 are affected by drought in Somalia. Overall population stands at 247, 798 refugees and asylum seekers.