Kenya + 2 more

UNICEF Kenya Humanitarian Situation Report, 19 May 2017

Attachments

Highlights

  • Six per cent of the 42,017 children screened during the reporting period were identified as severely malnourished and over 29.4 per cent as moderately malnourished, in Turkana, Marsabit, Wajir, Isiolo, Kilifi and Laikipia counties.

  • From January to April, a total of 23,700 children with SAM and 51,537 children with MAM have been admitted for life-saving nutrition treatment.

  • Access to safe drinking water remains critical as many water points are still non-operational in drought affected areas. With UNICEF’s support, a total of 40 water points have been repaired benefitting 81,458 people, including 5,580 school children, in Turkana and Garissa Counties.

  • During the reporting period, there were multiple disease outbreaks including dengue fever (474 cases), anthrax (8 cases) and localized cholera outbreaks (10 confirmed cases with 3 deaths). The Ministry of Health is coordinating with health partners to develop a response strategy.

  • During the reporting period, UNICEF Kenya received US$ 750,000 from OFDA. UNICEF’s humanitarian programme in Kenya has a funding gap of over 45 per cent.

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

  • In arid and semi-arid part of the country, access to safe drinking water for the drought affected population remains a critical need as many water points impacted by the drought are still non-operational. The National Drought Management Authority (NDMA) has alerted that any positive impacts from the depressed long rains are likely to be modest and short-lived, since the rains have generally been below normal and poorly distributed and therefore unlikely to sustain recovery throughout the coming dry period (June-October). Moreover, the rains have caused huge livestock losses as a result of temperature shock. Considering that communities in these areas had already lost a large number of their livestock due to drought, the current losses will likely compound food insecurity situation and further hamper community recovery.

  • The findings from the mid-season assessment to update the overall food security situation was released on 18 May and nutrition surveys are due to start in June and continue through July. The assessment recorded a deterioration in food consumption scores in majority households mainly due to crop failures, high food prices, livestock migration and reduced milk production. Given depressed rainfall in ASAL counties and the high food prices, the assessment projects that food security situation is likely to deteriorate if current shocks continue and number of food insecure people will likely to grow from the current figure of 2.6 million to up to 3.5 million in August.

  • Multiple disease outbreaks have been reported during the reporting period, including dengue fever in Mombasa, Kilifi, Kwale, Wajir and Nairobi, with 474 cases reported so far (majority in Mombasa - 437 cases). Eight cases of Anthrax have also been reported in Kiambu County, and the country is on alert for Ebola Virus Disease due to outbreak in a remote location of DRC. Localized cholera outbreaks are being reported, with 10 cases (nine confirmed and one death) reported in Nairobi, one suspected death case in Vihiga county (linked to the Nairobi outbreak), two suspected cases in Kiambu County, and seven cases (one confirmed and one death) in Muranga County. Both Kiambu and Muranga counties are bordering Nairobi County. Investigations of both dengue and anthrax have been conducted by national Ministry of health (MOH), supported by partners. A total of 14 confirmed measles cases have been reported since the outbreak in end February, and 84 cholera cases have been reported from Dadaab Refugee Complex since 2 April. In 2017, a total of 281 cholera cases (18 per cent are laboratory confirmed) with 5 deaths (case fatality rate of 1.8 per cent) have been reported from Tana River County. However, no new cases have been reported during the last month.

  • During the April outreach activities, a total of 42,017 children were screened in six counties (Turkana, Marsabit, Wajir, Isiolo, Kilifi and Laikipia) with six per cent and 29.4 percent children identified as severely and moderately malnourished respectively. The highest burden of children identified as severely malnourished were from Marsabit (10.7 per cent) and Turkana (7 per cent). The data received for first half of May from Baringo (East Pokot sub-county), Samburu and Tana River counties, where 764 children were screened, report 6.3 percent of children as severely malnourished and 23.6 percent as moderately malnourished. East Pokot of Baringo County remains to be of concern due to ongoing access limitations driven by insecurity situation. Vulnerable displaced families are being hosted by families who are already feeling food access stress. In addition, health services have been suspended in most parts of East Pokot due to insecurity where KRCS and World Vision teams are providing limited outreach services. High numbers of acutely malnourished children are also being reported.

  • Floods have been reported from parts of the coastal region, West Kenya and the central highlands regions. In the coastal region, heavy rains led to flooding in Kilifi, Mombasa, Taita Taveta and Kwale counties, displacing at least 1,151 households (approx. 6,906 people) within the region, and further resulted in significant infrastructural damage (bridges, roads and water pipelines) and disruption of community livelihoods. In Western Kenya, floods have affected areas in Siaya and Busia counties leaving at least 50 families displaced. Cumulatively, 26 people have lost their lives and a further 24,803 people have been displaced in 13 counties across the country. 1 Flash flooding has also been experienced in Dadaab Refugee camps, affecting 50 per cent of the population in Hagadera and Ifo I camps, which host a total of 91,909 persons. The collapse and submersion of school and household latrines in the camps is posing a serious threat to the escalation of the ongoing cholera outbreak.

  • On 13 April, the President signed into law the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendment) Bill which amends the Refugees Act 2006 to delete the expression “Department of Refugee Affairs” and substitute it with “Refugee Affairs Secretariat” (RAS). The Act went into effect on 5 May and RAS is now a legal entity and will facilitate better coordination of refugee response in the country.

  • Kenya continues to receive refugees, majority from South Sudan at the Kenya – South Sudan border at Nadapal Transit Centre. Majority of the new arrivals are women and children who cite insecurity and famine as the main causes of flight. A total of 820 new refugees were registered in Kenya by the Government authorities. Majority of the new arrivals are from South Sudan (286) followed by DRC (179), Ethiopia (125), Somalia (134), Burundi (68), and other nationalities (28) 2.Since the beginning of January 2017, the Kakuma refugee operation has registered a total 8,930 refugees, out of which 6,726 are from South Sudan, 89 per cent of new arrivals are women and children. The Kakuma camp population stands at 171,085, of which 93,834 are from South Sudan.3