Kenya + 4 more

UNICEF Kenya Humanitarian Situation Report, 1 September - 31 October 2018



  • A new wave of cholera cases was reported on 8 September. Measles outbreaks continue to be reported in Mandera, Garissa, Nairobi and Wajir counties.
  • Heavy rainfall was recorded towards the end of October, resulting in flash floods in the coastal strip and northern counties.
  • A total of 161,175 children have been vaccinated against measles during the campaign in Mandera county.
  • Three million children have been reached in round two of the synchronized polio vaccination campaign for the Horn of Africa.
  • With UNICEF support, 188,873 acutely malnourished children were admitted for treatment from 1 January to 30 September 2018.
  • A total of 23,148 children were reached with life-saving health interventions during integrated health outreaches in the period under review.
  • During the reporting period, 33,499 women, girls, boys and men had access to safe water from three rehabilitated water facilities in Garissa and Tana River counties.
  • In 2018, UNICEF requires US$ 34.2 million for its Humanitarian Action for Children Appeal that has a funding gap of 60 per cent.

Situation in Numbers

People are food insecure
(2018 Long Rains Assessment, August 2018)
Children are food insecure
(2018 Long Rains Assessment, August 2018)
Children under 5 in need of severe acute malnutrition treatment
(2018 Long Rains Assessment, August 2018)

UNICEF HAC Appeal 2018

US$ 34,235,000
*Funds available include funding received against current appeal as well as carry-forward from the previous year (US$ 5.5 million, which includes US$1.7 million for the refugee response).

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

The Kenya Meteorological Department has reported that the onset of the October to December short rains was timely over most parts of the country. Very heavy rainfall was recorded towards the end of October, resulting in flash floods in the coastal strip and northern counties. This affected access to communities in Mandera during the measles campaign, which was thus extended by two days to end on 2 November 2018. November is normally the peak month for the short-rains season, and the forecast indicates that several parts of the country are likely to experience enhanced rainfall with the likelihood of flooding, landslides/mudslides in prone areas and outbreak of diseases normally associated with excessive water. According to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS), effects of floods including destruction of shelter, roads and water infrastructure and possible outbreaks of cholera, malaria, yellow fever and Rift Valley fever are expected in the coastal counties of Kwale, Tana River, Kilifi, Taita, Taveta and Lamu; western counties of Kisumu, Migori, Siaya, Busia and Homa Bay; north eastern counties of Garissa, Wajir and Mandera and upper eastern counties of Isiolo, Marsabit, Samburu; and North Rift counties of Baringo and Turkana.

According to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET), the historically above-average 2018 March to May long rains have continued to drive food security improvements countrywide. With an average to above-average forecast for the October to December short rains, livelihood recovery from the severe 2016/2017 drought is expected to continue, however, majority of the poorest households are likely to take longer to recover, thus maintaining the pastoral areas in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) through to January 2019. In addition, critical global acute malnutrition (GAM) levels (15-29.9 per cent) are likely to be sustained to January 2019 in Mandera, Turkana, Samburu, parts of Baringo (East Pokot), and Marsabit (North Horr) counties, driven by various factors, including poor child care feeding practices and lack of suitable access to health facilities. Serious GAM levels (10-14.9 per cent) are anticipated in Wajir, Garissa, Isiolo, Laikipia, Tana River, and Marsabit (Laisamis) counties.