Kenya + 1 more

UNICEF Kenya Horn of Africa Crisis Situation Report #10, 14 - 21 September 2011



General Overview

 Kenya’s poor performance toward reducing child mortality in line with MDG benchmarks was highlighted this week in the Daily Nation newspaper Figures from the recent UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimates global Levels and Trends in Child Mortality, indicate that little progress is likely to be made in Kenya by 2015 in reducing child deaths at birth. The number of deaths per 1,000 live births dropped from 99 to 85 in a 20-year period, with a total of 97,000 deaths in 1990 and 122,000 in 2010. Kenya’s MDG target is to reduce child mortality rate to 33 per 1,000 births by 2015.

Drought-Affected Areas

 An increasing concern for partners in the WASH Cluster is the lack of information on the sustainability of water resources in drought affected areas. There exists the possibility of recharge rates for boreholes being exceeded and open water sources utilized for water trucking running dry.

Dadaab Refugee Camps

 Preliminary results, for the outskirts of Dagahaley Refugee Camp which is predominantly inhabited by newly arriving refugees, provided from the recent UNHCR nutrition survey reveal Global Acute Malnutrition of 38.3% (32.1-44.8)1 and Severe Acute Malnutrition of 18.8% (14.7-23.6)2. This indicates that 4 in every 10 under-five children are acutely malnourished, while 2 in 10 are severely malnourished.

 Anaemia prevalence among children 6-59 months in the three refugee camps is above 40% and hence of public health significance3. More than 50% of children 6-23 months suffer from anaemia.

 One case of cholera was confirmed last week in Ifo Camp in an eight month-old infant who died due to complications and late reporting for treatment. A second suspected case among the refugees has been reported in the Dadaab area. Sufficient quantity of supplies to treat cholera have been prepositioned in the camps.