UNICEF Kenya Emergency Update Issue 8, Sep 2001

"Linking Emergency with Long Term Development"
Donor Support to UNICEF Kenya Highest In the Region

Under the current UN Consolidated Appeal (CAP). UNICEF Kenya has so far received financial contribution of over US$7.2 million or 72% against a target of US$10 million. In terms of % funded against CAP target for the non-food sector, UNICEF Kenya is the most well funded office in the Horn of Africa. "The support from various donors this year is very encouraging and is the true reflection of our partner’s strong confidence for UNICEF’s programme delivery and commitment for Kenyan children and women." Dr. Nicholas Alipui, UNICEF Representative said in a recent UNICEF Rapid Response Team Meeting. The below table summarises the funding status and donors by sectors.

UNICEF KCO Funding Status Under CAP 2001
As of 20 August 2001
Health and Nutrition
Japan NC
Water and Environmental Sanitation
Emergency Education
New Zealand
% Funded Vs. Target

* Funded for "Regular" Education but some funds have been utilised for "Emergency Education" with donor’s approval.
Norway’s Donation In Kind Contribution (US$46,000) to be accounted for the next sitrep

GOK and UNICEF Kenya, however, require more fund for the sectors related to recovery and sustainable development. In line with the GOK-UNICEF Mid Term Review (MTR) Theme, "linking emergency and longer-term/sustainable development", UNICEF aims to focus more on education, and water/environmental sanitation in the 10 drought affected districts. In those two sectors, GOK and UNICEF plans to forge a strong alliance with donor community and NGOs.

New Staff Joined UNICEF KCO RRT Team

Ms. Marie Nzungize, an experienced nutritionist by profession, joined the UNICEF KCO Rapid Response Team. She has worked for various NGOs in North Eastern Kenya, conducting many nutritional surveys and assessments during the current drought. Her main role include following up on health and nutrition issues in Turkana, West Pokot and Baringo districts.

Mr. Joseph Tadayo, a new NRC secondee attached to UNICEF WES Unit, has also joined UNICEF KCO’s RRT. He will undertake an extensive field trip in various areas to follow up the situations and programme implementation on the ground.

UNICEF WES Unit Latest Development

UNICEF WES has recently completed the integrated WES/Education Project in West Pokot. This project included the rehabilitation of 25 boreholes in and around schools in the district. In order for UNICEF Kenya to scale up the intersectoral approaches for the current drought emergency, UNICEF WES and Education Units are focusing on WES Projects in schools in order to prevent the collapse of primary education and maintain girls attendance and participation in schools.

Also UNICEF has recently organised and undertaken Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST) Training for some 80 teachers. During the training, teachers were trained on participatory methods of hygiene and sanitation promotion as well as gender sensitive programme implementation. For more detail information, please see below district update.

Education Sector Affected by Drought

The current drought causes poor educational performance. This is because in emergencies, survival priorities also often supersede educational imperatives. After consistent gains in education enrolment rates, recent studies from Wajir indicate that primary enrolment is down by approximately 10% in just one year (2000 compared to 1999) and 2001 enrolment rates are below those of 1996, erasing the gains of the last 6 years (Office of the Vice-President and Ministry of Planning and National Development, 2001.

Poverty and related food insecurity are the primary cause of the dive in enrolment rates, as families hire out children to supplement family income. A normal employment practice is to feed hired labour, which also increases parental incentive for children to work. It should be noted that this is far more likely to affect women and girls, since "few socially acceptable income generating activities exist for men". (Reed, 2001)

A lack of boarding facilities in emergency-prone regions has also typically caused under-utilisation of day-school educational facilities. The migratory lifestyle of pastoralists is not suitable to enrolment in primary schools, most of which are found in urban areas such as divisional headquarters. Thus, the current educational system, not optimal to begin with, is worsened under emergency conditions.

So far, UNICEF has provided some US$200,000 worth of school supplies, under the African Girls Education Initiative, in order to bring the children back to schools. UNICEF Kenya, the lead UN agency for emergency education, aims to revitalise an emergency education activities in drought affected districts in September with MOE and NGO partners.

Latest News From Districts


Joseph Tadayo, NRC Secondee for UNICEF WES Unit, recently visited Wajir district and confirmed that the recent cholera outbreak is fully under control. No new admissions have been recorded since 12 August 2001. Some of the Cholera Treatment Centres (CTCs) are still open but no new cases are reported. Active surveillance is ongoing. Following the experience in Wajir, UNICEF has learnt that behaviour change and hygiene education are the key to prevent cholera outbreaks. With its GOK counterparts, UNICEF aims to organise Hygiene Training (PHAST) in Wajir. Some 200 people (community health workers) are expected to be trained.

OXFAM GB will be submitting a proposal to DFID following a rapid feasibility assessment on recovery of livelihood. The activities they intend to focus on are cash- for- work, sanitation, and health and nutrition education.


Joseph Tadayo has also recently visited the district and his team concluded that the issue of environmental degradation should be more focused, given the fact that more and more pastroralists with cattle are migrating to places where basic infrastructure and water points are available. The team also identified a few good community-based coping mechanisms, including the plantating of some 5,000 trees in Walgadud sub-location and integration of environmental education in the normal school curriculum in various locations.

UNICEF and OXFAM-Q have forged the alliance on supporting sanitation and water project in schools. The project aims to promote girls attendance and participation in schools affected by the drought.


ALRMP reported that the cold weather conditions which set in July culminated in heavy rainfall that has covered most of the highland areas of Kirisia division. Pasture and water availability are consequently improved. However, lowland areas, in particular Baragoi, remain dry, resulting in increased strain on water and forage resources.


UNICEF and Kenyan Army have recently completed the replacement of two strategic boreholes in Burgabo and Bubisa. UNICEF estimates that those two borehoes will benefit up to 20,000 people.

UNICEF has started school sanitation programme in order to support girls child education in the district.

ALRMP indicated that August was characterised by occasional misty and scattered showers in the late hours of the night and up to mid-day on Marsabit Mountain, Mt Kulal and Hurri hills.

Grazing and the browse situation are improving. Both are available in traditional dry season grazing areas.

Norman Eikanger, UNICEF/NRC staff Marsabit, indicated that general water situation needs to be improved. According to the District Steering Group (DSG) estimate, the average distance from one water point to another is still more than 30km. This prevents children from attending to school. UNICEF is currently consulting with local NGOs to improve the water situation in Marsabit.


Norman Eikanger also reported that the district remained dry in July and August. Livestock prices seemed to improve at Moyale market and prices of mature livestock are high, especially for steers. He also reported that most dams/pans remained in use and in good condition.

UNICEF Marsabit reported that up to 200 Ethiopian refugees have crossed into Moyale since June. UNICEF does not have mandate to project refugees in the UN System but is concerned about refugee children and women not adequately protected. Eikanger said that it is clearly a violation of the Convention of the Right of Child (CRC) and Refugee Convention.


Ms. Marie Nzungize, UNICEF KCO nutritionist, has recently travelled to Turkana and reported the following:

Most pastoraltist and agro pastoral areas of Turkana continue to experience hardship due to the current drought. Though the overall food security of the agro-pastoralists has slightly improved, that of the pastoralists has shown little or no significant improvement. Indeed, due to the erratic and sporadic nature of the long rainfall season (usually between April and May), the expected harvest in the agro-pastoral zone is predicted to be much lower (60-70%) than in normal year. Also, it is said that livestock productivity may not register any significant improvement/recovery. Cattle that were taken out of the districts in search of pasture have returned home but their body condition is still too weak to produce milk"

Although some positive effect of supplementary and general food distribution may be observed among the under five children, by comparing nutritional survey results from last year and this year, generally speaking, children’s health situation remains very fragile. Families are still faced with inadequate food and milk requirements.

Training by UNICEF and partner agencies on integrating health and nutrition components in project activities is proceeding well. Participants in the training are drawn mostly from the Ministry of Health and schools to a lesser extent. Sensitisation on expanding training at the community level is under way and in some areas of Turkana, communities are already being actively implicated in decision making with respect to basic health and nutrition issues.


The district received showers of rainfall in the 3rd week of August and this has improved access to water sources to an average distance of 5.69km. The browse condition is good but pasture condition is still poor.

According to the latest ALRMP report, the malnutrition rates among children under 5 indicates that 15.7 % sampled were at risk compared to 11.6% in the previous month. The report also said that Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) in August stood at 2.68%.

The number of children under five and PLWs targeted by the supplementary feeding programme are currently 21,433 and 2,322 respectively. Between July and December, as part of an exit strategy, they will continue with SFP in geographically targeted areas. They will also target the moderately malnourished. They intend to strengthen outreach and referral system through the Catholic Mission and Marigat Family Life Centre as well as strengthening the MoH capacity to treat severe malnutrition. Agencies in need of F100 and F75 could conduct World Vision.


World Vision reported that the ongoing supplementary feeding programme ended July. Monitoring of supplementary food consumption at household level will continue in the district.

Events/Schedule in September 2001

Participatory Hygiene & Sanitation Transformation (PHAST) training will take place in Wajir from 9 to 16 September. Please contact Salome Mwendar at 622186.

Emergency Education Co-ordination Meeting, Nairobi, 14 September. (To be confirmed). Please contact with Dr. Bagayoko or Kiyoshi Nakamitsu at 622095

Emergency WES Coordination Meeting, 12 September at KICC, 8th Floor. Please contact to Mr. Fred Donde for more detailed information at 622192 or 622166.

Emergency H/N Co-ordination Meeting, 17 September, (To be confirmed), For more detailed information, please call M. Zaman at 622451.

UNICEF Eastern and Southern African Regional Office, Emergency Planning & Preparedness Workshop, Mombassa, 1 October to 5 October. For more information, please consult with UNICEF ESARO/RESU at 62-2099

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