Kenya

Turkana District: Drought Monthly Bulletin, October 2009

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Situation overview

- The prevailing food security situation in the six districts is at "emergency" phase.

- The Greater Turkana district received little rainfall. For example, the Lodwar meteorological station recorded 18.2 mm, which was better than the previous month's 0.0 mm.

- The quality and quantity of pasture and browse in wet season grazing areas improved slightly.

- The average distance to and from water sources reduced from 4.9 km recorded in September to 4.4 Km in October.

- The body condition of most livestock species improved slightly compared to the previous month. The mortality rate for all livestock species decreased from 13.65 % in September to 11.85 %. For the large stocks it decreased from 18.1 % in September to 14.2 % while for small stock it increased from 9.2 % in September to 9.45 %. The average birth rate for livestock increased from 3.68% in September to 4.78% . The birth rates recorded were 6.0%, 4.9%, 3.8% and 4.4% for cattle, sheep, goats and camels respectively. The livestock sales rate reduced from 3.65% in September to 2.33% in October.

- Household milk production across the six districts decreased from 4.62% in September to 4.08%.

- Numerous conflict incidences were reported during the month in all the cross border zones of Turkana.

- Most health centres recorded cases of malaria and upper respiratory tract infections (URTI). Cholera outbreak was also reported in various parts of the greater Turkana District. Furthermore, two measles cases were reported.

- The nutrition status of children below five years declined slightly during the month, with the percentage of those rated at risk of malnutrition rising to 28.4 from 28% in September .