Kenya

Turkana District: Drought Monthly Bulletin, November 2006

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SITUATION OVERVIEW

There has been and it is still more showers in most parts of the district. LODWAR Meteorological station recorded a value of 154.1 mm, Oropoi have recorded the highest value of 501.4mm, which attributes to the (Nov-Dec) onset of good short-rains seasonal period of the year. The rest of the stations recorded/availed the following data after getting rainfall recording equipments -Kakuma Police Station (402.3mm), while Lokichoggio police post recorded (481.1mm).the rest of the stations did not avail their data.

Forage has really improved in various parts of the district due to the prevailing short rains of this month. Shrubs and big trees have continued to respond very well. Similarly, grasses have shown some great improvement and will continue rejuvenating due to the availability of these short rains.

The distance to and from the water sources has drastically reduced to a greater extend due to the on going showers all over the district.

Livestock health status is generally improving inmost parts of the district due to the on-going rains of the month.

During the month, mortality rate remained constant at an average of 3.2% in shoats while in large stock, the rate increased from (October) value of (1.9%) to (November) value of 2.4%. Slaughter rates in the month were zero.

Livestock birth rates increased to 7.43 %( November) from 7.13% (October). This was generally because the forage is now in plenty for the animals to graze and really mate. However, it is the small stock that records a much higher rate.

Livestock sale rose to an average value of 1.8%.this can be attributed. This can be attributed to increased demand for livestock in the market.

Everyone Milk consumption reduced to16.8% from 20.8% of, last month.

The food security situation in the district is fair but still at the emergency stage, good harvests can/may be realised early next year after maturity of the currently planted crops

The average MUAC level % <135mm of November'06 slightly decreased to 16.70% from 18.40% of October'06. This is a 9.24% decrease from last month October-06. So, this month there was a slight improvement in the nutritional status of children between (12-59) months. This is at least 10.18% value above the WHO required 15% level. Still on alarm stage but better than referenced year's same period. Generally, there is a good improvement in the Nutritional status of children in the District. Supplementary feeding offered by Merlin, World vision, Samaritan purse and Oxfam, not at least by World Food Programme in the District are expected to alleviate this more.

At kalemngorok sample area there is a problem of Banditry around Kaputir, Kotaruk and Julouk thus disturbing monitoring activities in these areas. At Lokichoggio area there is a committee that handles the returning of Livestock rustled by both Toposa and Turkana has been created by the Lokado group that helps in conflict resolutions in those areas. At Oropoi division, insecurity is worsening i.e.:- o 1st &2nd November, an anti-personnel bomb was found planted at Lomejanit by Lokado but could not detonate it since they had no experts on the same. Not yet detonated. Fears are there on other probably existing bombs not yet found in the area. o 4th morning: bomb plant at Koteen killed 50 people, injured 18, destroyed more livestock and even displaced more stock. The bomb side effects still affect the people. o 9th Nov.: the D.C Turkana left with his forces but returned at Loito just before reaching the bombed area. At Keamothia, 5 boys were attacked on 5th November but 3 were killed and 1 seriously injured. Worsening insecurity at the area. There is still peace between the community and the Merille of Ethiopia; so calm is restored along the Lake Region and sides of Kokuro. At the south there is no peace with the Pokots.they have migrated back to their hills thus rendering their borders insecure for the Turkana community

Recommendations to District Authorities and National KFSSG by the D.S.G

Increasing the food aid - targeted beneficiaries to cover more vulnerable pastoral population especially the elderly. Enhancing availability of emergency response funds at the district like in the case of the 24th Oct'06, floods.

Rehabilitation of critical water points in key dry season grazing areas and even around major towns to collect this rain water adequately

Improvement of Infrastructure especially the roads to enhance delivery of services to the vulnerable group.

Provision of Human Health facility and Livestock drugs to Kokuro sample area since there are several cases of Measles patients in the area yet there is no medical facility. Vaccination required at Kokuro

Current Interventions.

[I] Non-food Interventions

Livestock treatment and vaccination by VSF- B off-take / restocking

[ii} Food Aid

General Food Distribution/ Supplementary feeding (Nutrition).

Food for work

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