Turkana County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for September 2021

Situation Report
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Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators
 Sunny and dry weather conditions dominated most parts of the county during the period under review. Consequently, the aggregate rainfall for the six-month period spanning from April to September 2021 represented only 67 percent of the normal rainfall for the period.
 The condition of vegetation deteriorated further across most sites in the county as evidenced by the shift in the VCI-3month values downwards for all Sub-counties in September.
 A general decline and inadequacy in water availability was observed in September across the Pastoral/Fisheries zones.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)
 Despite the return trekking distance to water source increasing, the body condition for all livestock species remained fair but the level of milk produced and consumed was low and below the normal range for the period.
 The terms of trade declined and was significantly lower than the five-year average. Livestock migration was observed towards the peripheries but there were no deaths attributed to starvation/dehydration but rather disease.
 Proportion of under-fives classified as ‘severely or moderately malnourished’ remained unchanged with households applying more severe coping strategies in September. Additionally, approximately 30 percent of households were categorized as having a poor FCS with the Pastoral and Agro-pastoral livelihood zones presenting the highest proportions.