After nearly two years of drought, the situation in northern Kenya has worsened critically in August 2011, with 2011 being the driest period in the Eastern Horn of Africa for 50 years. Drought remains a major threat.
The number of people facing an acute livelihood/food security crisis in the region is currently around 3.5 million in Kenya and this number is expected to increase in the coming months.
Due to long term drought, pastoralists have migrated in search of water and pasture (both scarce), sometimes crossing international boundaries. Trekking for long distances has led to a significant deterioration in the condition of livestock, reducing their market value and income potential. Poor pastoralists have few livestock still alive.