Kenya

Transmara District: Drought Monthly Bulletin, December 2006

Attachments

Situation Overview:

Pastoral and Agro-pastoral livelihood zones (Kirindon, Lolgorian and parts of Kilgoris & Pirrar divisions)

The areas recorded more than 12 rainy days on average, more than the previous month, well spread in time and space. The water situation for both livestock & people was good and the trend was upward.

Pasture quantity was fair and reliable up and the livestock body condition was good. Milk situation was fair and improving. Maize price was low but increasing. The food situation had improved.

The MUAC indicator for children under five years (about the nutritional status) was stable, better than for the previous months.

Mixed farming livelihood zones (Keyian and Kilgoris divisions)

The here situation was better, as these areas had a better potential than the above. Water and pasture availability was good. Milk production was good and improving.

Maize crop in most farms was at milk stage. Some households had finished harvesting beans.

The food situation was good and stable as well as the nutritional status of children under five years.

Environmental indicators (Stability)

1.1 Rainfall

Amount of rainfall

The amount of rainfall received this time was more than that of the previous month.

This amount was normal for such a time of the year, as long rains period.

Temporal distribution

Onset - The rainfall was a continuation of the previous months' onset.

The district received about 12 rainy days during the month.

Spatial distribution

In mixed farming livelihood zones, about 90% of the areas received rainfall compared to the 80% received last month. Pastoral, Agro-pastoral and Casual waged labour/ tourism livelihoods received an average of about 80% coverage. The areas had 60% during November.

1.2 Condition of Natural Vegetation and Pasture

Quality

The quality of vegetation/pasture in the district improved from fair to good.

The pasture quality was good due to better rainfall received during the month.

The situation was better compared to the one observed during the normal year.

The vegetation status in pastoral livelihood zones was still wanting but had been expected to improve come January 2007 as rains persisted.

Quantity

The amount of vegetation/pasture in the district was average.

The quantity observed this month was more than that of the previous month.

The quantity was almost similar to that of the same month during a normal year.

The quantity of the vegetation in the Mixed farming livelihood zones was higher than that in the other livelihoods.

Distance to Grazing Areas

The average distance from livestock concentration points to the main grazing areas still varied from 3.5kms to 6 Kms and 3kms to 4kms in Agro-pastoral / Pastoral livelihoods and Mixed farming areas respectively but was expected to reduce.

This distance was similar to the expected distance during the previous month.

The pattern was worse than the one observed during the normal year, but getting better.

The situation was similar in all livelihood zones.

1.3 Water Sources and Availability

Water sources

Water sources that were mainly in use by both livestock and people were still Rivers, Pans, Dams and Taps. A few catchment pools that had not been in use due to the severe dry spell were being used.

The water situation (quantity and quality) was better compared to the previous month because of the steady rains.

The situation did not quite differ from the one that is usually observed during such a season in the normal year.

The Pastoral, Agro-pastoral and Casual waged/Tourism livelihood zones that experienced more difficulties in accessing water than the mixed farming livelihoods were also getting better.

Household access to water

The current average distance (in km) from households to main water sources still ranged between an average of 4.6 and 5.97 in the district.

The distance was similar to that of the previous months.

This distance is higher compared to that of the same month during the normal year.

The distance in the Pastoral and Agro-pastoral livelihood zones was higher than the rest by more than 3 Kms.

Livestock access

The current average distance (in km) from livestock concentration points to main water sources ranged between 6.43 and 8.68 in the district.

This was still similar to that of the previous months.

This distance is higher, compared to that of the same month during the normal year.

In the Pastoral and Agro-pastoral livelihood zones, the distance was 4.3 Kms more than the rest of the livelihood zones.

1.4 Emerging Issues - None.

1.4.1 Insecurity/conflict/human displacement - None.

1.5 Implications on Food Security

The rains impacted positively on the pastures, water situation and livestock performance in general. Milk production went up and the nutritional status of children under five was expected to continue improving.

The ceased unrests favoured production of the people, as they were settled and available to graze their livestock or work on their farms.