Kenya has become increasingly predisposed to a variety of natural and man-made disasters including floods, drought, landslides, fires, HIV/ AIDS, terrorism among others. Disaster impacts cause enormous suffering including loss of life, disruption of livelihoods and of economic activities and degradation of the environment.
The government of Kenya, in recognition of the need to minimize disaster impacts has embarked fully on disaster management strategies aimed at risk reduction in support of sustainable development objectives. It is in this context the government has put in place legal, institutional and administrative measures aimed at strengthening capacity and strategies to be taken before, during and after disasters. The policies and institutional mechanism the government has developed include: development of national disaster policy, establishment of national disaster reduction platforms, strengthening institutions tackling disaster risk reduction (DRR) related tasks and developing hazard maps. Increasing stakeholder awareness on natural hazards in Kenya is critical to developing programs and projects that are resilient to disaster impacts in support of sustainable development.
The UNISDR and Ministry of State for Special Programmes (MoSSP) has suppor ted establishment of district specific hazard fact sheets which has been utilized to develop this training package for DRR stakeholders in addition to other information sources and the existing disaster preparedness and response measures. This training manual aims at building capacity of the DRR platforms at all levels and other relevant actors to design and implement development projects that enhance protection of lives and livelihoods while improving environmental quality and protecting ecosystem services.